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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Research on Humanities and Social Sciences
Title Adolescents and Utilization of Family Planning Services in Rural Community of Nigeria
Volume 3
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 1-13
URL http://pakacademicsearch.com/pdf-files/art/448/1-12 Vol 3, No 1 (2013).pdf
Adolescence is a critical stage in human development characterized by peer pressure, confusion, exuberance and
experimentation particularly with sex, drugs and alcohol. Hence, adolescent reproductive health is critical due to the
gregarious sexual activities, which predispose young people to sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies,
unsafe abortion, and death. Adolescents in Nigeria constitute about a fifth of the national population, 12% have first
childbirth before 15 years, most become parents before 20 years, and suffer from sexually transmitted infections
(Federal Ministry of Health, 2003). Objectives of the study were to determine family planning services available,
and pattern of utilization among adolescents in a rural community of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria; identify factors
influencing utilization of services; and determine knowledge, and attitude of adolescents to family planning services.
Four hundred (400) randomly selected adolescents completed a structured questionnaire, 277(69.75%) said family
planning services were available. Sources of services were chemists 125(31.25%), pharmacy 74(18.50%) and
hospital/health centre 184(46.00%); and reasons for using a place were low cost 26%, privacy 23.5%, proximity
22.75%, and 19.75% attitude of provider. Sources of information on family planning include radio 33.25%, health
facility 24.75%, school 19%, peers 12.75%, church 8.5% and parents 6.5%. Interestingly, 58.25% said family
planning was for both sexes, 67.5%, it was not for married people alone, and 91.5% said their religion was not
against family planning. Most, 68% were sexually active, 55.25% were not worried about unplanned pregnancy
after unprotected sex, and 44.8% were not worried about HIV and sexually transmitted diseases, only 34.5% were
using condom, yet 76.50% acknowledged condom could protect a woman from unwanted pregnancy, and 27% did
not use any method. Conclusion, family planning services were available but not well-utilized and rather worrisome
most adolescents were not worried about unplanned pregnancy and consequences of unprotected sex.

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