An examination of housing and environmental health of a heterogeneous community of Agege, Lagos, Nigeria

Type Journal Article - Scottish Journal of Arts, Social Sciences and Scientific Studies
Title An examination of housing and environmental health of a heterogeneous community of Agege, Lagos, Nigeria
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 56-74
Housing as one of the most important basic necessities of mankind is known to tremendously affect
human health and well-being. This study examines housing and Environmental health in Agege
Local Government Area of Lagos State. Data were collected from randomly sampled 330 household
in the Local Government and data analysis carried out with the aid of Computer Aided Statistical
Package for Social Science (SPSS) Version 16. The technique used was univariate analysis which is
a single variable analysis that describes the necessary features of the sets of data. The result of the
analysis revealed that male households head were prominent among sampled respondents. The
economic status of respondents was discovered to determine the type of apartments, utility of
housing facilities and healthiness of the environment. The Brazilian types of houses known as ‘face
to face’ or rooming apartments were prominent among respondents. The sources of water for
drinking in the study area were discovered to come from well and buying from water vendors Pit
latrine was discovered to be the dominant means of faecal waste disposal. It was also discovered that
there exist large household size which is tantamount to overcrowding. Sources of energy for cooking
among the sampled households were discovered to be predominated with smoke emitting
contrivances. The Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses and the outcome revealed that
there is a statistical significant relationship between the tested hypotheses. The study concluded that,
high level of urbanization in Lagos coupled with economic deprivation has made its citizenry to seek
for place of abode and not housing in its totality. This creates a city of low quality of life and transfer
socio-economic and environmental health problems. The study recommended that the state and local
government should endeavour to make towns and cities well organized with paved-tarred roads,
good drainage system in appropriate places, electricity and water supply, green areas and
aesthetically pleasing environment that will enhance environmental health and should placed
stronger and higher commitment on the implementation, compliance, and enforcement efforts
among governments at the three tiers of governance in Nigeria so as to create bearable and livable
urban development.

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