Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Working Paper
Title The impact of immigration on the educational attainment of natives
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
URL https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/67241/1/727549081.pdf
Using a state panel based on census data from 1940-2010, I examine the impact of
immigration on the high school completion of natives in the United States. Immigrant children
could compete for schooling resources with native children, lowering the return to native
education and discouraging native high school completion. Conversely, native children might
be encouraged to complete high school in order to avoid competing with immigrant highschool
dropouts in the labor market. I find evidence that both channels are operative and that
the net effect is positive, particularly for native-born blacks, though not for native-born
Hispanics. An increase of one percentage point in the share of immigrants in the population
aged 11-64 increases the probability that natives aged 11-17 eventually complete 12 years of
schooling by 0.3 percentage points, and increases the probability for native-born blacks by
0.4 percentage points. I account for the endogeneity of immigrant flows by using instruments
based on 1940 settlement patterns.

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