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Type Journal Article - Nigerian journal of clinical practice
Title Psychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury: Retrospective analysis of 75 subjects from Kaduna, Nigeria
Author(s)
Volume 15
Issue 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 397-399
URL http://www.ajol.info/index.php/njcp/article/viewFile/84278/74283
Abstract
Introduction: Client-initiated HIV testing and counseling has helped millions of people learn their HIV status. Nevertheless,
global coverage of HIV testing and counseling programs remains low. This study describes the characteristics of clients
who accessed HIV counseling and testing (HCT) services in Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, (OOUTH)
Sagamu.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of the clients accessing HCT services in OOUTH. Data was collected
from clients using a client intake form. Pre-test counseling, HIV screening and post-test counseling were carried out.
Informed consent and confidentiality were ensured. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 10.0.
Results: A total of 2607 clients accessed our HCT services between May 1st 2008 and April 30th 2010. The clients
were between the ages of 1 year and 90 years. The mean age was 33.3 ± 15.26. The median age was found to be
32.0 years, with the modal age being 30.0 years. 73.7% (1828) were non-reactive (negative result), 25.9% (643) were
reactive (positive result), while 0.3% (8) were indeterminate. Among the reactive results, 9.3% (242) were males while
15.1% (394) were females.
Conclusion: A fair uptake of HCT services was noted. More females accessed services than males. More positive
results were seen among females than males (P<0.05).
Recommendations: Upscale of HCT services to involve Sexually transmitted infections clinics and free-standing,
client-initiated testing centers is necessary. Continuous AIDS education and risk reduction should be promoted.

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