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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - JACC: Heart Failure
Title Contemporary profile of acute heart failure in Southern Nigeria: data from the Abeokuta Heart Failure Clinical Registry
Volume 2
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 250-259
URL http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/24952692
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the contemporary profile, clinical characteristics, and intrahospital outcomes of acute heart failure (AHF) in an African urban community.

Background There are limited data on the current burden and characteristics of AHF in Nigerian Africans.

Methods Comprehensive and detailed clinical and sociodemographic data were prospectively collected from 452 consecutive patients presenting with AHF to the only tertiary hospital in Abeokuta, Nigeria (population about 1 million) over a 2-year period.

Results The mean age was 56.6 ± 15.3 years (57.3 ± 13.4 years for men, 55.7 ± 17.1 years for women), and 204 patients (45.1%) were women. Overall, 415 subjects (91.8%) presented with de novo AHF. The most common risk factor for heart failure was hypertension (pre-existing in 64.3% of patients). Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in 41 patients (10.0%). Hypertensive heart failure was the most common etiological cause of heart failure, responsible for 78.5% of cases. Dilated cardiomyopathy (7.5%), cor pulmonale (4.4%), pericardial disease (3.3%), rheumatic heart disease (2.4%), and ischemic heart disease were less common (0.4%) causes. The majority of subjects (71.2%) presented with left ventricular dysfunction (mean left ventricular ejection fraction 43.9 ± 9.0%), with valvular dysfunction and abnormal left ventricular geometry frequently documented. The mean duration of hospital stay was 11.4 ± 9.1 days, and intrahospital mortality was 3.8%.

Conclusions Compared with those in high-income countries, patients presenting with AHF in Abeokuta, Nigeria, are relatively younger and still of working age. It is also more common in men and associated with severe symptoms because of late presentation. Intrahospital mortality is similar to that in other parts of the world.

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