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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Review of Economics and Statistics
Title HIV status and labor market participation in South Africa
Volume 95
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 98-108
URL http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic1222150.files/Session​8/mclaren_levinsohnetal_restat-1.pdf
We use econometric methods based on the propensity score to estimate
the causal effect of HIV status on employment outcomes in South
Africa. Relying on rich data from a national survey, which included HIV
testing, we control for systematic differences between HIV-positive and
HIV-negative individuals. We provide the first nationally representative
estimates of the impact of HIV status on employment outcomes for southern
Africa. Being HIV-positive is associated with an increase of 6 to 7
percentage points in the likelihood of unemployment overall and 10 to
11 percentage points for the less educated. This disadvantage reinforces
existing inequalities in South Africa.

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