Food balance sheet and household budget survey dietary data and mortality patterns in Europe

Type Journal Article - British Journal of Nutrition
Title Food balance sheet and household budget survey dietary data and mortality patterns in Europe
Volume 102
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 166-171
Worldwide dietary data for nutrition monitoring and surveillance are commonly derived from food balance sheets (FBS) and household budget
surveys (HBS). We have compared food supply from FBS and food availability data from HBS among eighteen European countries and have estimated
the extent to which they correlate, focusing on food groups which are comparably captured by FBS and HBS and for which there is epidemiological evidence
that they can have a noticeable impact on population mortality. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was þ0·78 (P,1023
) for vegetables (including
legumes), þ 0·76 (P,1023
) for fruits, þ0·69 (P,1023
) for fish and seafood and þ0·93 (P,1023
) for olive oil. With respect to meat and meat products,
the coefficient was lower at þ0·39 (P¼0·08). Moreover, we have examined whether the supply (FBS) or the availability (HBS) of food groups known
or presumed to have beneficial effect on the occurrence of CHD and total cancer can predict overall, coronary and cancer mortality in ecological
analyses. After controlling for purchasing power parity-adjusted gross domestic product and tobacco smoking we found that for vegetables, fruits, fish
and seafood, as well as for olive oil, both the FBS and the HBS estimates were inversely associated with all three indicators of mortality, although
the number of countries with complete information on all study variables hindered formal statistical documentation (P.0·05 in some instances).
FBS and HBS have their own strengths and weaknesses, but they may complement each other in dietary assessments at the population level

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