Effect of Famine on Fertility in a, Rural Area of Bangladesh

Type Journal Article - Journal of biosocial science
Title Effect of Famine on Fertility in a, Rural Area of Bangladesh
Volume 20
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1988
Page numbers 287-294
URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science/article/effect-of-famine-on-fer​tility-in-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh/F87DB3DD2435B633AC1F05207ABC0978
This study investigates the effects of the 1974–75 famine on differential fertility in a rural population of Bangladesh, using information on household socioeconomic status collected in the 1974 census, and registration data on births, deaths and migrations for the period 1974–77 from the Demographic Surveillance System of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh. Occupation of household head was taken as a measure of socioeconomic status. Total fertility rates were analysed for three periods: pre-famine, famine and post-famine. Overall fertility declined due to the famine by 34%, but this was compensated partially by a 17% increase in the post-famine period. Fertility of women of all ages and socioeconomic groups was affected by the famine, a more pronounced effect being observed among the poor. Fertility showed a higher post-famine recovery among women in the middle socioeconomic groups and in those aged 25–34 years.

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