The eltor cholera epidemic in Dhaka in 1974 and 1975

Type Journal Article - Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Title The eltor cholera epidemic in Dhaka in 1974 and 1975
Volume 61
Issue 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1983
Page numbers 653-659
Surveillance of hospitalized cholera cases from 1970 to 1977 in Dhaka, a matched
control study in 1974, and a neighbourhood control study in 1975 were carried out and
show a change from classical cholera to the eltor biotype during this period. Of all the
hospitalized cholera cases, 9.1 % in 1972 and 99.9% in 1973 were due to the eltor biotype. In
1974 and 1975 the distribution of eltor cholera cases in the city was uniform, except for
areas with modern sanitation whose residents were spared. The incidence rates of cholera
per 1000 infants (under the age of1 year) were 1.16 and 0.93for 1974 and 1975, respectively.
On the whole, children below 10 years andfemales between 15 and 44 years ofage were the
ones most affected with eltor cholera. Higher rates of diarrhoea and hospitalization were
noted among the contacts with cholera cases, compared with non-cholera controls.
Contracting cholera was significantly associated with eating in places away from home,
especially at charitable feeding centres.

Related studies