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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - BMC Research Notes
Title Tuberculosis caseload in children with severe acute malnutrition related with high hospital based mortality in Lusaka, Zambia
Author(s)
Volume 10
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 206
URL https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-017-2529-5
Abstract
Background
Tuberculosis and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children pose a major treatment and care challenge in high HIV burden countries in Africa. We investigated the prevalence of Tuberculosis notifications among hospitalised under-five children with severe acute malnutrition. A retrospective review of medical records for all children aged 0–59 months admitted to the University Teaching Hospital from 2009 to 2013 was performed. Descriptive statistics were employed to estimate TB caseload. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of the TB caseload.

Results
A total of (n = 9540) under-five children with SAM were admitted over the period reviewed. The median age was 16 months (IQR 11–24) and the proportion diagnosed with TB was 1.58% (95% CI 1.3, 1.8) representing 151 cases. Of these, only 37 (25%) were bacteriologically confirmed cases. The HIV seroprevalence of children with SAM and TB was 46.5%. Children with SAM and TB were 40% more likely to die than children with SAM and without TB.

Conclusions
Tuberculosis contributes to mortality among children with SAM in high TB and HIV prevalence settings. The under detection of cases and association of TB with HIV infection in malnutrition opens up opportunities to innovate integrative case finding approaches beyond just HIV counselling and testing within existing mother and child health service areas to include TB screening and prevention interventions, as these are critical primary care elements.

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