Sanitation In Relation To Prevalence of Waterborne Diseases in Mbeere, Embu County, Kenya

Type Journal Article - Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology
Title Sanitation In Relation To Prevalence of Waterborne Diseases in Mbeere, Embu County, Kenya
Volume 10
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 59-65
This study aimed at establishing the linkage between sanitation and the prevalence of the
waterborne diseases in Mbeere North, Embu County, Kenya. The accessible population was population within
7,985 households obtained from 12 locations. A sample size of 367 was used. Systematic random sampling was
used on the population frame of 7,958. Secondary data constituted waterborne diseases from health facilities,
and population statistics. The Acquisition of primary data was done using researcher administered
questionnaires and use of Geographical Information System (GPS) instrument for spatial data. The analysis of
secondary morbidity data was done using Microsoft office excels 2007 and that of the primary household data
was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). SPSS was used to generate descriptive
statistics, establish correlation among the variables and to test the hypothesis. Pearson product moment
correlation coefficient (r) was used to show both direction and the strength of the relationships. The study data
display was done using charts and figures. From the analysis, in addressing the objectives, the Pearson
correlation coefficient linking waterborne diseases infection with type of excreta disposal method was 0.348
and a significance level of p<0.005. The link between waterborne diseases infections and those who washed
vegetables before cooking and those who washed fruits before eating were correlated by 0.477 and 0.433
respectively. From the hypothesis testing, the study found that Chi-square test for independence indicated a
strong significant relationship between those infected with intestinal worms and method used for of excreta
disposal, x2
(1, n = 267) = 45.231, p = 0.000, phi = 0.412. The study concluded that sanitation which includes
hygiene significantly contributed to the prevalence of waterborne diseases. The study therefore recommends
provision of adequate and suitable sanitation and capacity building on hygiene practices.

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