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Citation Information

Type Report
Title Gendered Trajectories through School, Work and Marriage in Vietnam
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
URL http://www.younglives.org.uk/sites/www.younglives.org.uk/files/YL-WP158-Gendered-Trajectories-in-Vie​tnam.pdf
Abstract
This paper discusses the school, work and marriage trajectories of young people in Vietnam,
using analysis of Young Lives longitudinal qualitative data gathered from 16 children and their
parents between 2007 and 2014 as well as descriptive survey statistics. One of the main findings
is that gender is not always a key driver of children’s divergent schooling, working and marriage
trajectories. Instead, intersectionality of socio-economic status, locality and ethnicity play a more
important role, with locality and ethnicity associated with the widest gaps in school, work and
marriage trajectories. Gender gaps in Vietnam do not appear to open up until mid- to late
adolescence, close to upper secondary school age, with girls more likely to continue their
education at a higher level. However, girls’ slight advantage in education does not necessarily
translate into an advantage in the labour market, since boys have access to more prestigious and
better-paid jobs. The findings indicate that gender gaps evolve over the life course and are
shaped by socio-economic status, ethnicity and locality, as well as by social norms, which have a
particularly strong bearing on gender relations as girls and boys come of age and as they start
families. This points towards the centrality of longitudinal research and the life-course approach
for understanding the gendered nature of young people’s pathways (and by implication, the
importance of tracking children through into adulthood).

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