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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research
Title Management of Sitophilus zeamais Motshulsky (Coleoptera: Ciurculionidae) and Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier)(Lepidoptera: Gelechidae) using locally available agricultural wastes in Southern Ethiopia
Volume 1
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 10-16
URL http://www.sciencewebpublishing.net/jacr/archive/2013/July/pdf/Gemu et al.pdf
Locally available agricultural wastes including sawdust, coffee husk and wood ash were evaluated at different
proportions against Sitophilus zeamais and Sitotrog cerealella in 2002 in Awassa National Maize Project entomology
laboratory. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) in three replications. The insect pests
were reared at laboratory condition before introducing into each treatment to obtain the same age group. Maize grain
was disinfected to eliminate undiserable field infestation in refrigerator at –2°C before using for experimental purpose.
The treatments were 10% (w/w), 15% (w/w), 20% (w/w) and 30% (w/w) of coffee husk, 10% (w/w), 15% (w/w), 20%
(w/w) and 30% (w/w) of saw dust, 10%(w/w), 15% (w/w), 20% (w/w) and 30% (w/w) of wood ash and 2% (w/w) of
Pirimiphos-methyl as standard check and untreated control. The efficacy of each treatment was evaluated with respect to
F1 progeny emergence of the pests, mean number of damaged kernels and germination percentage of maize kernels.
Coffee husk and wood ash at all dosages were found to be effective in controlling S. zeamais and S. cerealella. Wood
ash in all proportions gave the best control of the pests during the study period. Wood ash and coffee husk at higher
rates were more effective in controlling the pests. Sawdust at all dosages was not different from the untreated control in
controlling S. zeamais. However, sawdust at some dosages showed superior performance against S. cerealella.

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