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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Academic Journal of Suriname
Title Institutional Development of Christianity, Hinduism and Islam in Suriname and Trinidad: An exploration in Religious Practice and Festivities from 1900-2010
Author(s)
Volume 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 186-197
Abstract
This article examines the institutional development of Christianity, Hinduism and Islam in
Suriname and Trinidad. Unlike conventional theories that associate cultural diversity with threats
for social stability, a development concept is used that perceives cultural diversity as an enriching
asset for societies. The concept of development is based on three dimensions: participation,
sustainability and concerted diversity. The study explores Suriname and Trinidad in the social
sphere of religious practices and festivities from 1900 to 1945 and from 1946 to 2010. Suriname
and Trinidad are compared, because they have similar major religions (Christianity, Hinduism
and Islam), and both faced colonial assimilation policies. The study indicates that - unlike
Suriname - in Trinidad the institutional development of Hinduism and Islam, compared to
Christianity was less encouraged by government policies and by relations among Hindu and
Muslim organizations during the whole period under study. The article illustrates the differences
in the institutional development of Christianity, Hinduism and Islam between Suriname and
Trinidad by analyzing the celebration of religious festivities and legal products, such as subsidies
to religious organizations and legalization of religious marriages.

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