Epidemiologia de incidentes viales en Medellin Colombia 2010-2015

Type Journal Article - Facultad Nacional de Salud Publica
Title Epidemiologia de incidentes viales en Medellin Colombia 2010-2015
Volume 35
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
URL https://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/fnsp/article/view/23278/20784320
Road traffic accidents (rta) transfer kinetic energy between
inert and living surfaces on roads. They cause fatal and non-fatal
injuries, affecting people's health, well-being and productivity.
They are not random, and they are not accidents like the
United Nations pointed out many decades ago. Objective:
The purpose of this study is to describe rtaepidemiology in
Medellin from 2010 to 2015 as a referent and propose a road
traffic management model- a rtmm. Methodology: This is a
retrospective study using different rta sources and a univariate
or bivariate analysis. Results: From 2010 to 2015, there was
an increasing rta record of 275,000 events, with a mean of
45,000/year and 135/day, and what has not been recorded
could be 4 times more. There were injuries in 50% of the
rta recorded in police traffic accident reports (ptar), with a
mean of 300 casualties/year an approximately 3,000 injured/
year. However, the non-recorded injured could be ten times
more, 30,000/year. Most rtas affect the poor, pedestrians,
motorcyclists and cyclists mainly males of ages 15 to 29 in
residential areas. Conclusions: Leadership, government
policies, a Road Traffic Safety Observatory and Safe Mobility
Plan Management up to 2020 are critical to decrease rta risk,
exposure and frequency.

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