|Type||Journal Article - European Respiratory Journal|
|Title||Long-term effects of severe acute malnutrition on lung function in Malawian children: a cohort study|
Early nutritional insults may increase risk of adult lung disease. We aimed to quantify the impact of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) on spirometric outcomes 7 years post-treatment and explore predictors of impaired lung function.
Spirometry and pulse oximetry were assessed in 237 Malawian children (median age: 9.3 years) who had been treated for SAM and compared with sibling and age/sex-matched community controls. Spirometry results were expressed as z-scores based on Global Lung Function Initiative reference data for the African–American population.
Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were low in all groups (mean FEV1 z-score: −0.47 for cases, −0.48 for siblings, −0.34 for community controls; mean FVC z-score: −0.32, −0.38, and −0.15 respectively). There were no differences in spirometric or oximetry outcomes between SAM survivors and controls. Leg length was shorter in SAM survivors but inter-group sitting heights were similar. HIV positive status or female sex was associated with poorer FEV1, by 0.55 and 0.31 z-scores, respectively.
SAM in early childhood was not associated with subsequent reduced lung function compared to local controls. Preservation of sitting height and compromised leg length suggest “thrifty” or “lung-sparing” growth. Female sex and HIV positive status were identified as potentially high-risk groups.
|»||Malawi - Demographic and Health Survey 2010|
|»||Malawi - Demographic and Health Survey 2015-2016|