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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Title HIV surveillance in Rwanda: readiness assessment to transition from antenatal care-based to prevention of mother-to-child transmission program-based HIV surveillance
Author(s)
Volume 52
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 62-67
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1201971216311584
Abstract
Background

In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that for efficiency and ethical considerations, transitioning from antenatal clinic-based surveillance to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT)-based routine data should be investigated. An assessment of the readiness for this transition was carried out in Rwanda in 2011 and 2013.

Methods

This assessment applied the WHO recommended method. Individual HIV rapid testing at site was compared to antenatal surveillance results at all existing 30 sites, involving 13 292 women. In addition, PMTCT HIV testing quality assurance and PMTCT routine data quality were assessed at 27 out of the 30 sites.

Results

All sentinel sites provided PMTCT services and had a high uptake of HIV testing (more than 90%). At all sites, PMTCT data were recorded in longitudinal and standardized antenatal clinic registers. Twenty-six out of 27 sites had HIV result completeness above 90%. A positive percentage agreement of 97.5% and negative percentage agreement of 99.9% were observed between routine PMTCT and sero-surveillance HIV test results. Of 27 sites, 25 scored more than 80% in all phases of HIV testing quality assurance.

Conclusions

According to WHO standards, Rwanda antenatal care HIV sero-surveillance is ready to transition to PMTCT-based sero-surveillance.

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