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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Title A randomized evaluation of a demand creation lottery for voluntary medical male circumcision among adults in Tanzania
Volume 72
Issue Suppl 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers S285-S292
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5054970/
Uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) among adult men has fallen short of targets in Tanzania. We evaluated a smartphone raffle intervention designed to increase VMMC uptake in three regions.


Among 7 matched pairs of health facilities, 1 in each pair was randomly assigned to the intervention, consisting of a weekly smartphone raffle for clients returning for follow-up and monthly raffle for peer promoters and providers. VMMC records of clients aged 20 and older were analyzed over three months, with the number performed compared with the same months in the previous year. In multivariable models, the intervention's effect on number of VMMCs was adjusted for client factors and clustering. Focus groups with clients and peer promoters explored preferences for VMMC incentives.

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