|Type||Journal Article - International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health|
|Title||Chronic diseases and trauma among low-income workers of Karachi, Pakistan.|
Background: The self-efficacy of individuals is influenced by experiences in the community, the workplace, and in
broader civil society, all of which exert a collective influence on attitudes and behaviors. The low-income population
is more likely to suffer from many chronic health problems and trauma. This study was done to assess the prevalence
of chronic diseases and workplace physical trauma among low-income workers in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Karachi, Pakistan. Trained interviewers used a
structured questionnaire to interview 707 workers and collected information on socio-demographic characteristics,
chronic health problems and physical trauma among them. The data were analysed using SPSS version 18.
Results: Majority (72%) of the participants were aged between 15 and 35 years. More than one-third (35.1%) were
educated up to secondary level only. Half of the participants (50.8%) had a household comprising 6-10 people, while
34.8% of the respondents were the only breadwinners in their family. Two fifths (39.5%) reported a household
income between Rs11000 and Rs 20000 per month. A significant number (21%) of workers reported being diagnosed
with a chronic disease including Diabetes Mellitus, Asthma, Hepatitis, Arthritis, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia,
Hypothyroidism, Epilepsy, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, whereas three fourths (75%) reported physical
trauma history at their work place during the past year, while majority (95.2%) of them looked apparently healthy.
Conclusions: These chronic health conditions not only affect their productivity but play a vicious role in poverty and
poor health cycle. The findings of the present study cannot be generalized due to the limited sample. Still, the study
supports the notion that factors such as low socioeconomic status may lead to the poor management of physical
trauma and course of chronic diseases. Future research should direct attention toward workers' health and working
conditions to improve the effectiveness of the interventions to reduce the disparities in provision of health services for
the low-income workers.
|»||Pakistan - Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013|