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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Mountain Research and Development
Title Land use and land cover change in Sagarmatha National Park, a World Heritage Site in the Himalayas of Eastern Nepal
Volume 36
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 299-310
URL http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-15-00005.1
Land use and land cover (LULC) changes that occurred during 1992–2011 in Sagarmatha National Park, a United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization World Heritage Site in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal, were evaluated using multitemporal satellite imagery in combination with land use data and sociological information gathered from semistructured interviews and workshops. We asked study participants about LULC changes, the causes of each change, and the likely duration of its effects, and used this information to produce high-resolution maps of local perceptions of LULC change. Satellite image analysis revealed that above 6000 m there has been a decrease in the area covered by snow and ice and a consequent expansion of glacial lakes and areas covered by rock and soil. Between 3000 and 6000 m, forest and farmland are decreasing, and areas under grazing, settlement, and shrubland are increasing.

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