Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Studies in family planning
Title Is fertility declining in Benin?
Author(s)
Volume 32
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2001
Page numbers 25-40
URL http://www.popline.org/node/175460
Abstract
This study analyzes reproductive changes in Benin, a West African country with high fertility and low prevalence of use of modern contraceptive methods, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Findings indicate that an irreversible fortuity transition has started as the result of an emerging pattern of birth limitation and continued desire for the traditional long birth intervals. The data suggest that changes in childhood mortality in combination with an increase in women's education, although modest, have created a demand for fertility control among women; that induced abortion may be one of the means through which such demand is being met, particularly in urban areas; and that the economic crisis of the 1980s was the main catalyst that precipitated the onset of transition. Changes in reproductive preferences and practice suggest a diffusion process, from urban and more educated women to rural and less-educated ones.

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