Group-based inequalities. The case of Viet Nam.

Type Working Paper
Title Group-based inequalities. The case of Viet Nam.
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
This paper examines the issue of horizontal inequalities in Viet Nam over the past 20
years. Using data from three recent Viet Nam population censuses (1989, 1999, and 2009) and
three Viet Nam Household Living Standard Surveys (1998, 2008, 2012), we estimated numerous
measures on inequalities between different ‘ethnic’ groups against several welfare indicators. Our
results show that horizontal inequality matters in Viet Nam, in particular for ethnicity, region, and
rural/urban groups. While there has been an improvement in horizontal inequality in education,
this paper shows little change in other welfare indicators, in particular poverty. We also found that
horizontal inequality does matter for poverty reduction in Viet Nam and it needs more attention
when designing poverty policies in the future.

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