Epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection in Kinh and Khmer Children in Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Type Journal Article - Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Research
Title Epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection in Kinh and Khmer Children in Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
URL http://www.aclr.com.es/clinical-research/epidemiology-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-kinh-and-k​hmer-children-in-mekong-delta-vietnam.pdf
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection varies among ethnic or racial
groups. This study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence and factors associated
with H. pylori infection among Khmer and Kinh children living in the same natural
and social conditions in Mekong delta, Vietnam.
Methods and Findings: This cross-sectional study was conducted between
October and December 2012 in the Mekong delta. We collected data using a
structured questionnaire on social-economic and health status, lifestyle and living
conditions from 683 Khmer and Kinh children aged between 6 months and 18
years. Additionally, data were collected from 913 adults of 485 households settling
together in the same rural communes. All the participants in the study had H.
pylori serology (i.e. ELISA) tested on blood samples obtained by venous puncture.
H. pylori serology data were analyzed using χ2
test and logistic regression models.
In our study, the overall H. pylori seroprevalence was 36.7% (32.1% in children
from 6 months to 18 years versus 40.2% in adults (p<0.05), with a sharp increase in
the prevalence around 3 years of age, without significant difference between Kinh
and Khmer ethnics. Blood group B, absence of prejudicial habit of taking food by
hand, good practice of hand washing after defecation were identified as protective
factors for H. pylori infection [OR (95% CI): 0.50 (0.32-0.79), 0.48 (0.29-0.79), 0.79
(0.41-0.98); respectively]. In addition, H. pylori infection in mothers, in first sibling
and in two first siblings in particular were found as high risk factors for H. pylori
infection in children [OR (95% CI): 1.98 (1.12-3.18), 2.12 (1.25-4.12), 4.39 (2.81-
6.94); respectively].
Conclusions: Results of our study showed low and indifferent rates of H. pylori
seropositivity in Kinh and Khmer children. Data from this study strongly suggest
that environmental andindividual hygiene and some lifestyle practices should be
improved to lower H. pylori infection in this population.

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