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Citation Information

Type Thesis or Dissertation - Doctor of Philosophy
Title Exploring the Relationships Between Supports and Depression Among Elderly Caregivers Raising Children Orphaned by AIDS in Rural Namibia
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
URL https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/173931/Kalomo_umn_0130E_15739.pdf?sequence=1&isAl​lowed=y
Using the ecological systems theory, the present study examined the levels of depression
in elderly caregivers of AIDS orphaned children in relations to those caregivers’ financial
stability, social support, informational support, and personal characteristics. Crosssectional
data were collected through face-to face interviews using the Center for
Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) of depression and the
Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Measures for financial
stability and informational supports were specifically developed for this study. Multiple
regression analysis found elevated levels of depressive symptoms, with all caregivers in
this study scoring above the threshold criteria for depression (≥16 points). The mean
score of CES-D for the entire sample was 48. Findings also revealed a significant
negative association between financial stability and depression. In addition, results
showed a negative association between caring for an HIV-infected child and depression
after controlling for caregiver age and caring for an HIV-infected child. Findings suggest
the need for greater economic security and mental health interventions for elderly

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