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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Food Research Journal
Title Measurement and determinants of rural food poverty in Nigeria: recent evidence from general household survey panel.
Volume 24
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 1011-1018
URL http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my/24 (03) 2017/(16).pdf
This paper examines food security determinants among rural farming households in Nigeria. A
total of 3380 households from General Household Survey-panel data that adopt the World Bank
Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) technique was used for this study. The impacts
of household characteristics, household endowments and activity related characteristics were
explored using logistic regression analysis. Based on the Food and Agriculture Organization
FAO recommended minimum 2120 kcal daily per adult equivalent was valued at (N138)
equivalent and USD 0.87 food poverty threshold of per annum was derived for rural Nigeria.
This threshold is the cost for purchasing recommended daily food allowances (RDA) of an
adult equivalent for healthy life in rural Nigeria. The results of the study revealed that age of the
household head, tertiary education, farm size, household size, value of livestock holdings, total
remittances received by the household, participation in nonfarm enterprise and access to formal
credit have significant impact on food security. We conjecture that, the higher incidence of food
security during post harvesting season might likely be due to inability of smallholder farmers
to utilize their extra time into non-farm income generating activities due to high demand for
labour for farm operations.

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