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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Animal Science Advances
Title Perception, impact and adaptation to climate change: an analysis of livestock system in Nepal
Author(s)
Volume 3
Issue 9
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 462-471
URL http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=42498
Abstract
The study aimed to assess the livestock holder‟s perception to climate change and its impact and adaptation
strategies on the livestock sector of Nepal. Altogether 240 households, 60 from each agro ecological zone, were
selected using stratified random sampling. Primary data were collected by household survey using structured
and pre tested questionnaire. The results showed that the farmers were aware of climate change. Nearly third
fourth respondents, perceived the increase in temperature, more than half, respondents observed decreased
intensity of summer rainfall, and nearly half of the respondents experienced the delayed summer monsoon.
Major climate induced impact on livestock production were incidence of diseases and external parasites in
animal, loss of forages and fodders, heat stress, water scarcity, infertility, decline in the milk yield and lactation
period. Major adapted adaptation strategies comprised the integrated farming, change in herd size and
composition, depended on veterinary and livestock services, improved feeding practices, institutional
arrangement, and weather warning and water harvest technology. Lack of climate information, lack of labor,
money, and lack of market access were the major barriers to adaptation. Awareness campaign on climate
change is recommended among livestock holders for climate change information to reduce the negative impact
of climate change.

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