Resource efficiency gains and green growth perspectives in Macedonia

Type Working Paper
Title Resource efficiency gains and green growth perspectives in Macedonia
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Macedonia’s emissions per capita are higher than corresponding emissions in the
emerging economies. The main contributor to emissions is the energy sector, with
about 70 per cent of total emissions. Energy consumption has rapidly grown since
2001. The Macedonian economy is extremely energy intensive, mainly due to outdated
technology and infrastructure. The country is extremely dependent on imported
fossil fuels as primary energy sources.
Several basic legislative measures on energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions,
environmental protection, and climate change mitigation based on and complying
with EU policies have been implemented, but they are not supported by necessary
by-laws or an appropriate institutional framework. The main obstacles to successful
implementation are the absence of clear responsibilities among the bodies involved,
weak capacities at all institutional levels and low public awareness.
The main potential for green growth and green jobs in Macedonia lies within these
sectors: construction, forestry, renewable energies, agriculture, waste management
and transport. There are already some small and medium enterprises active in
green business in the national market. There are also international projects for green
growth (e.g. by World Bank). The main obstacles are missing financial resources and
credit schemes, subsidies to traditional energy sources, lack of infrastructure, and
legislative and regulatory barriers.

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