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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Demographic Research
Title Trends in the completeness of birth registration in Nigeria: 2002-2010
Volume 35
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 315-338
URL https://search.proquest.com/openview/a25033475c72f93dcfe3f0ef3f7b32b3/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=388​57
Nigeria is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which identifies
birth registration as a child’s right. However, it is unclear how much progress has been
made toward attaining universal birth registration in the country.
This paper reports findings from a secondary analysis of data from the 2007 and 2011
UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Nigeria. Trends in birth registration
completeness based on year of birth of children and age at survey were computed,
tabulated, and graphed.
Birth registration completeness was 31.5% and 41.5% in 2007 and 2011 respectively.
Children had better odds of registration across Nigeria in 2011 than in 2007 (OR 1.79,
95% CI 1.59–2.01), except in the North East geopolitical zone (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.55–
1.07). Likewise, older children had better odds of registration than those aged less than
one year. Female children had worse chances of registration than their male
counterparts (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85–0.99).
Birth registration improved in 2011 over 2007 across Nigeria except in the North East
region. However, much still needs to be done to achieve universal birth registration.
Birth registration appears to still be influenced by the gender and age of the child.

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