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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management
Title Determinants of infant immunization coverage in Migori county, Nyanza Region, Kenya
Author(s)
Volume 9
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 604-612
URL https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejesm/article/viewFile/145410/134939
Abstract
The main objective of this study was to examine determinants of infant immunization coverage in
Migori County; Nyanza. Migori-Nyanza is the regions of disparities that continue to register low
rates of immunization coverage in Kenya. The coverage rate was measured against Kenya’s and
World Health Organization target percent for achieving herd immunity and improved child
survival. Immunization coverage rates are accepted as an indicator of the performance and
adequacy of a Country’s Health Service Systems. A descriptive study of 446 households sampling
units was conducted in January 2013. The households were randomly selected from four demand
areas. Methods of data collection were: interviewer administered questionnaires, key informant
interviews and homogeneous focus group discussions. Respondents were mothers aged 19- 45
years with a child less than five years of age. The results indicated that fully immunized infants
were 70%; a fully immunized infant was one who received one dose of BCG, four doses of Oral
Polio Vaccine (OPV), three pentavalents, and one dose of measles vaccine before reaching one
year of age. The results further indicated that:- 80% of infants had their birth polio and BacillusCalmette
Guerin (BCG) within the first two weeks of life, 78% 3rd pentavalent and 4th polio at 14
weeks of life and 77% measles at 9 months. Measles and third dose of pentavalent immunizations
are used as indicators of a fully immunized child. The determinants of immunization coverage that
were identified from the study included: means of transport to health facilities, religious affiliation,
home delivery and not attending postnatal clinics, mothers’ lack of knowledge on dangers of
childhood diseases and hostile attitudes shown by service providers to the mothers. In conclusion
there was under coverage of immunization in the region. The recommendation was that the
health service providers need to in- cooperate both outreach and mobile immunization services
into their current static module

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