|Title||Increasing the contribution of artisanal and small-scale mining to poverty reduction in Tanzania|
This report outlines findings from a study examining the contribution of artisanal and small-scale
mining (ASM) to poverty reduction in Tanzania based on an analysis of gold and diamond mining in
Mwanza Region. It was funded by the British Department for International Development (DFID) as
Phase 1 of a project to provide practical support to miners working in the ASM sector. The
Tanzanian study is a component of a broader ‘Livelihoods Analysis of the Artisanal and SmallScale
Mining Sector’ led by the Centre for Development Studies, University of Wales Swansea,
with support from Wardell Armstrong and the British Geological Survey. Alongside the Tanzanian
component, parallel research in Ghana and a review of existing livelihoods literature with an
assessment of key policy challenges facing the sector have taken place over a period of fifteen
The overall objective of the study in Tanzania was to examine the role of AS mining in peoples’
livelihoods to determine whether it plays a positive part in reducing individual and household
vulnerability and poverty. Historically, AS mining has been peripheral to the Government policy on
the mining sector; nor has it been integrated into livelihoods or enterprise development in other
sectors. By implication, the linkages that can be made between Government priorities for poverty
reduction and Government support for the AS mining sector have not been systematically explored.
Within the context of the overall study objectives the research was framed around the following five
What role does AS mining play within livelihood systems at the local level?
What potential does ASM have to reduce vulnerability and improve livelihood security?
To what extent are AS miners able to voice their concerns to different stakeholders? Are
they aware of their legal rights so as to be able to claim rights and entitlements?
How is AS mining socially and technically organised?
How do national policies, institutions and regulatory frameworks translate into actions at the
|»||Tanzania - Household Budget Survey 2000-2001|
|»||Tanzania - Integrated Labor Force Survey 2000-2001|