Paediatric Morbidity and Mortality in a Suburban Hospital in Jos, North-Central Nigeria

Type Journal Article - International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health
Title Paediatric Morbidity and Mortality in a Suburban Hospital in Jos, North-Central Nigeria
Volume 5
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 156-164
Background: Even though there has been some decline in childhood mortality, figures still remain
high in sub- Saharan Africa. The pattern of morbidity and mortality in health care institutions may be
a reflection of the disease burden of the community which it serves and will facilitate prevention/
control strategies. This study was conducted to determine the pattern of paediatric morbidity and
mortality in a secondary level hospital in a sub – urban area in Jos, North – central Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study is a review of paediatric admissions into the Vom
Christian Hospital. Relevant data on all children who were admitted into the Vom Christian Hospital
between May 2012 and April 2013 with medical conditions were retrieved from the admissions
records. Data were entered into excel spread sheet and analyzed using Epi info 7. A p< 0.05 was
considered statistically significant.
Results: A total of 334 children aged between one day and 15 years were admitted during the
period, out of which 235 (70.4%) were children less than 5 years old. Infections (221, 66.2%) were
the major causes of morbidity. Out of all the 334 admissions, 304(91%) were discharged, 7 (2.1%)
left against medical advice, 6(1.8%) were referred, while 17 (5.1%) died. Malaria was the
commonest cause of morbidity (102, 30.5%) and mortality (6, 35.3%). Severe protein energy
malnutrition had the highest case fatality rate (25%).
Conclusion: The burden of paediatric morbidity and mortality is in children under 5 years and are
mainly preventable. An emphasis on malaria eradication and child survival strategies will help to
reduce childhood morbidity and mortality.

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