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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Transportation
Title Gender inequality in mobility and mode choice in Pakistan
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
Page numbers 1-16
URL http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/66726/1/__lse.ac.uk_storage_LIBRARY_Secondary_libfile_shared_repository_Con​tent_Adeel, M_Adeel_gendered_mobility_in_pakistan_Transprotation.pdf
Using the nationally representative dataset of the 2007 Pakistan Time-Use Survey, this
paper examines gender differences in daily trip rate, mode choice, travel duration, and
purpose of travel, which are previously unreported because of limited data availability.
Wide gender mobility gaps are observed in the country, where women are less likely to
travel, are half as mobile as men and may rely heavily on walking. The particular social
and cultural context of the country, that renders women as private, secluded and family
honor, seems influential in shaping their mobility and choice of activities. Demographic
factors such as age, household income, and marital status significantly decrease female
mobility levels. Hence, these findings call for a gender-based culturally responsive
transportation policy in the country.

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