In the article the materials of the Act on vocational and social rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities are presented by the author. An attention is paid to the definition of persons with disabilities and three degrees of disability (minor, moderate or severe). The author describes the situation of persons with disabilities in Poland, the centers for the disabled that were isolated from institutional and social life. New approach to the “work” in the context of rehabilitation to the persons with disabilities is presented in the article. Work is an important form of social rehabilitation as it introduces the disabled to the environment of healthy persons, integrates and socializes them with the society. A model of the social-vocational rehabilitation is analyzed in the given article.