Assessment of national poverty reduction programmes in Nigeria: A study of National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), Ebonyi State

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
Title Assessment of national poverty reduction programmes in Nigeria: A study of National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), Ebonyi State
Volume 5
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 227-237
The paper sought to assess the National Poverty Reduction Programmes in Nigeria with specific focus on NAPEP
Ebonyi State. The study became imperative based on the debilitating effects of poverty which often manifests in
loss of hope, aspirations, malnutrition and sometimes sudden death. The startling 69% national poverty level and
73.6% rate in Ebonyi state is a clear indication that poverty is still very high in Nigeria. The study therefore
evaluated NAPEP’s performance in the area of human capital development, infrastructure facilities, access to
safe drinking water, sanitation and access to basic education which are some of the parameters for measuring
poverty level. A descriptive survey design was adopted with a sample population of 400 which spread across the
six local governments studied. The major instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire, which
was distributed to the respondents and a total number of 380 questionnaire were duly filled and returned
representing 95% of the sample population. The data collected was analyzed with statistical tables, percentage
calculations and chi-square. The study among other thing, found out that NAPEP has not really impacted on the
development of human capital, it equally revealed that the agency has not improved access to basic education and
infrastructure facilities. Insincerity and corruption on the part of contractors; inadequate sensitization, poor
coordination, narrow coverage, excessive politicization have been identified among others as the challenges
facing the programme. The paper therefore recommended that poverty reduction programmes should be specific
and non-directive to address one or two parameters like per capita income or Human Development Index (HDI),
the scope of NAPEP is too broad and this in part has resulted to its failure, politicization of public programmes
should be discouraged so that the real poor could benefit from these programmes; government and relevant
stakeholders should ensure proper funding, monitoring and shun all manner of corruption. All these will go a
long way to further enhance the crusade against poverty in Nigeria especially in Ebonyi State.

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