Community based disaster risk management in Vietnam

Type Working Paper - Forms of Community Participation in Disaster Risk Management Practices
Title Community based disaster risk management in Vietnam
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 119-131
This chapter provides the information about the status of activities of Community Based Disaster
Risk Management (CBDRM) in Vietnam and case studies that was the success measures on disaster
management. The Natural Disaster Risk Management Project (NDRMP) adopts an innovative
approach to disaster risk management in Vietnam and provides support for disaster prevention and
mitigation measures at all levels of government, including at community level where vulnerability
prevails. The CBDRM is one component of the NDRMP which aims at strengthening the capacity
of villages and communes. It also aims at the disaster management institutions to become more
responsive to the short term and longer term needs of the vulnerable communities through
participatory risk assessment and identification, prioritization and implementation of risk reduction
measures. The project intends to help communes implement activities that deal with natural hazards
through capacity building in participatory planning and management. Safer village and commune
plans that focus on long term intervention and preparedness measures were developed. The project
has been building on existing community based disaster management and risk reduction models,
and found empower flood prone communes to prevent and reduce the impact of disasters and secure
and protect their livelihoods. The CBDRM activities directly support government efforts for
sustainable development by helping reduce human, economic, and financial losses from disasters
caused by nature in the target communes. In this chapter, the roles of the local communities,
community facilitators, provincial level and central level were defined; this chapter also described
how the CBDRM approach could be used to build the capacity of the most vulnerable populations
to carry out risk mitigation measures at all Levels.

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