Natural Radioactivity in Vegetables from Selected Areas of Manyoni District in Central Tanzania

Type Journal Article - Physical Science International Journal
Title Natural Radioactivity in Vegetables from Selected Areas of Manyoni District in Central Tanzania
Volume 16
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2017
Page numbers 1-10
The study determined the mean concentrations of natural radionuclides, the annual intake of
radionuclides and annual effective dose due to the ingestion of Vegetables from selected areas of
Manyoni in Tanzania. Thirty (30) bunches of leafy vegetable samples grouped into five categories
were collected randomly from different locations of the study area. The activity concentration levels
of U-238, Th-232, and K-40 were measured by direct γ‐ray spectrometry using HPGe detector by
Compton suppression method. The radioactivity in vegetables ranged from 2.2 Bq/kg – 36.8 Bq/kg
for U-238, 4.1 Bq/kg – 30.1 Bq/kg for Th-232 and 700.0 Bq/kg – 2520.0 Bq/kg for K-40,
respectively. Except for K-40, the activity levels reported into this study were lower than the activity
levels of vegetables reported from various parts of Tanzania. However, the concentrations of
radionuclides in the vegetables samples found in this study were higher than the world average
values suggested by the UNSCEAR. The annual effective dose due to intake of vegetables was
2.73 mSv/year. This dose value was found 9.4 times higher than total exposure per person
resulting from the ingestion of terrestrial radionuclides as proposed by UNSCEAR. Also the dose
was higher than the annual dose limit of 1 mSv/year recommended by the ICRP for the general public. The annual intakes of U-238 and Th-232 in vegetables were much higher than the world
reference value in diets. Hence a conclusion could be made that vegetables cultivated in Manyoni
might expose the population to high radiation dose which might be detrimental to their health.

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