|Title||Prevalence of physical disability in rural population of district Mau of Uttar Pradesh, India during May 2007|
An estimated 10% of the world’s population experience some form of disability or impairment. It is now recognized that a disability can often be complicated by
additional medical, psychological, or environmental factors. The occurrence of disability is high in developing countries. It is among the poorest communities
and that poverty breeds disablement and disablement breeds poverty, a vicious cycle that the poor can least afford. Most of the impairments can be prevented if
proper preventive and rehabilitative measures are undertaken in this respect. Multistage sampling technique was used in this study. For determining target
sample size Population Proportionate Sampling was used. In a family all the members who are normal residence of the village were taken for interview.
Disability criteria of National Sample Survey (NSS) 2002 had been used. These criteria were based on functional limitation. However, mental disability was not
included in the current study. Informed consent had been taken prior to the interview. The interview schedule was piloted, translated and re-translated in the
local dialect for field use. Assessment of living standard of the study population had been done by Standard of Living Index (SLI). Data had been analyzed for
rates and proportions and corresponding Chi-square values were calculated. The study population included 2107 members residing in 285 families. Total prevalence was 19.46 per 1000. Locomotor disabilities were most prevalent (10.44 per 1000). Prevalence of physical disabilities among the =60 age group was highest (90.28 per 1000). Prevalence was higher in male (20.41 per 1000) as compared to female (18.46 per 1000). Prevalence among illiterate was higher (47.20 per 1000). Physical disability was found to be higher in illiterates and community having low and medium standard of living.
|»||India - National Sample Survey 2002 (58th Round) - Schedule 26 - Disabled Persons|