National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Blocks 1, 2 and 13:
- Identification of sample household
- Particulars of field operations
Block 13 (Schedule Type 2 only): Perception of household regarding sufficiency of food
This block appears only in Schedule Type 2. It will be filled after completion of the enquiry on all the preceding blocks. The expression "getting two square meals a day" - as used in common parlance - conveys that the concerned person gets, by and large, sufficient food to eat. This question is asked in order to know the perception of the household regarding sufficiency of food. While putting this question to the informant, it is thus presumed that the informant has a clear understanding of its meaning. There are equivalent phrases conveying the same meaning in regional languages. It is, therefore, important to put the proper question in the local language and record the answer given by the informant in the appropriate code.
Care should be taken to see that the informant is not offended by this question. The question should, in fact, not be asked to those whose reported consumption would obviously indicate that they get sufficient food to eat. Also, it may not be asked to those households who either fall in the second stage stratum comprising "relatively affluent households" in rural areas and "households with MPCE>B" in urban areas or for whom one or more of the following criteria are satisfied:
(i) if the household resides in pucca building which is not obtained from any institution/government under subsidised housing scheme or as charity
(ii) if the household owns or possesses two-wheeler or car or fridge or colour TV or uses electric appliances.
Periods where, for religious or social provisions such as Ramzan period, etc., persons did not partake of two square meals a day, are not to be considered as periods of unavailability of adequate food for such households.
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Blocks 5 and 6
- Consumption of cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, sugar and salt during the last 30 days
- Consumption of edible oil, egg, fish and meat, vegetables, fruits, spices, beverages and processed food and pan, tobacco and intoxicants during the last 30 days
- Consumption of energy (fuel, light & household appliances) during the last 30 days
Block 5 (5.1+5.2): Consumption of food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants- General instructions
In general, the Use Approach (see page C-3) is followed for food, pan, tobacco and intoxicants. However, there are some special rules for meals which are obtained by the sample household in cooked form from outside, or cooked by the household and served to non-members.
When a person consumes meals cooked in a different household from his own, the preparing household is considered to be the consuming household. This is, obviously, a departure from the Use Approach. Thus, when a guest or a beggar is served food prepared in a household H, it is household H which is considered as the consuming household. Also, if a household H makes a payment to a person in the form of meals cooked in H's kitchen, it is considered to be the consumption of household H.
However, when a person consumes meals received as assistance from the Government or charitable organisation (e.g. meals received under the Midday Meal scheme), or as payment in kind from an organisation (except a household enterprise which serves the meals from the household kitchen), it is considered to be the consumption of the household to which the person receiving the meal belongs. (When recording such consumption, the value is to be imputed at the local price of the meals received and recorded against item 302: "cooked meals received as assistance or payment".) This procedure is being followed from the 64th round onwards.
The Use Approach is also to be followed for food in the case of a person (usually a student in a hostel) whose food bills are regularly paid by a person (usually, a parent) belonging to a different household. Prior to the 64th round, the Expenditure Approach was considered to be applicable in such cases.
When cooked meals are purchased from the market (hotels, restaurants, canteens or catering agency), the purchaser household is considered to be the consuming household, regardless of who eats the food (entry against item 303). This is a departure from the Use Approach. However, if the meals purchased are then used by the purchaser as means of payment (say, to the provider of a service), then they will be accounted in the household receiving the meals as payment (entry against item 302).
Consumption from home produce: the concept: Both Block 5 and Block 6 are provided with a pair of columns to record quantity and value of total consumption of each item. In addition, there are a pair of columns to record quantity and value (at ex farm prices) of consumption out of home produce for each item. Note that home produce here means the produce of cultivation or produce of livestock (e.g. milk) and not food obtained in the home by processing of other food items (e.g. curd from milk, or pickles from vegetables, spices, etc., or milk-based sweets from milk and sugar). Thus there is no concept of home produce of curd or ghee, home produce of pickles, or home produce of liquid tea. On the other hand atta obtained in the home from home-grown wheat, or chira and other grains produced in the home from home-grown paddy, may be treated as "home produce" of wheat, chira, etc.
Block 6: Consumption of energy (fuel, light and household appliances) during the last 30 days
This block will record information on consumption of energy for cooking, lighting and other household purposes with the exception of conveyance during the 30 days prior to the date of survey. The columns are similar to those of Block 5. The "consumption out of home produce" columns are shaded for most of the items.
Note that some items such as petrol and kerosene may be used for cleaning as well as for energy. In this block, only the part used for energy, excluding use in vehicles, will be recorded. The amount of petrol, kerosene, etc. used in vehicles will be reported in the conveyance sub-group of Block 10. The amount used for cleaning purposes may be entered in item 473 of the "household consumables" sub-group of Block 10.
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Block 7 and 8
Block 7: Consumption expenditure on clothing, bedding, etc.
This block has a reference period of last 365 days for Schedule Type 2. In Schedule Type 1, information is to be recorded for two reference periods: "last 30 days" and "last 365 days".
For items of clothing, bedding and footwear, consumption of an item is said to occur when it is first used. Consumption is accounted in the household of the person who is the first user.
Second-hand purchase: An exception is made in case of second-hand purchase of clothing and footwear. Second-hand purchase of clothing or footwear occurs when an item of clothing or footwear is purchased by a household after it has been used by another household, without alteration. When such a purchase occurs, we say that consumption (out of second-hand purchase) has occurred at the moment of purchase. That is, in case of second-hand purchase, the use approach is not followed; in other words, whether the purchased item has been used or not after purchase is not relevant.
Entries regarding consumption of clothing items will be the total of consumption out of purchase, out of home produce, out of transfer receipts such as gift, charity, and out of receipts in exchange of goods or services, etc. Care should, however, be taken to exclude purchases made on account of household productive enterprises.
Clothing purchased first-hand will be reported against items 360 to 373. The total value of clothing purchased second-hand will be recorded against item 374.
Imported second-hand ready-made garments will be treated not as second-hand but as first-hand purchase and as such will be included against item 368.
In line with previous practice, quantity and value of livery supplied by the employer will be recorded as household consumption even if used during duty hours only.
Consumption of clothing out of home production during the reference period will be evaluated at the producer's price. But consumption of clothing items made out of transfer receipts and receipts in exchange of goods and services will be evaluated at the retail price prevailing in the local market.
For "ready-made" garments, the unit of quantity will be "number". But if a household prepares a garment out of cloth purchased, then the item of consumption will be recorded as "cloth" and the quantity will be recorded in „metres?. When any garment is sewn at home by a household member, its value will be equal to the value of cloth only. No labour charges for sewing of the garment need be included unless the sample household itself runs a tailoring shop. In case the household does have such a shop and a garment is sewn there, the value of cloth will be recorded against item 362 or 363 and the tailoring charge will be shown against item 485 of Block 10. Similarly, for a quilt made at home of which the materials (viz., cloth, stuffing, cotton, thread, etc.) were purchased, the quantity and value of the materials used will be shown against the respective items. The service charge paid to a hired person for making the quilt will be entered as tailoring charge against item 485 in Block 10.
Block 8: Consumption of footwear
While filling in this block on purchase and consumption of footwear, the general instructions given for filling in the block on clothing will be followed. Both quantity (number of pairs) and value (Rs.) are to be entered in whole number. All footwear purchased second-hand during this period will be recorded against "footwear: second-hand" (item 395). Like Block 7, Block 8 has a reference period of last 365 days in Schedule Type 2, and a double reference period - "last 30 days" and „last 365 days" - in Schedule Type 1, for which the block in Schedule Type 1 has two additional columns.
1. If materials are purchased and footwear is got made by a cobbler, the cost of footwear will be imputed as the cost of raw materials plus service charges paid to the cobbler.
2. If a one-legged person purchases only one shoe or gets only one shoe made, quantity will be taken as one pair.
3. Plastic footwear will be included against item 393: rubber/PVC footwear.
4. Straps for slippers will not be included in this block. Such items will be included in Block 10 (item 473: other petty articles).
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Block 9: Expenditure on education and medical (institutional) goods and services
This block has a reference period of last 365 days for Schedule Type 2. In Schedule Type 1, information is to be recorded for two reference periods: "last 30 days" and "last 365 days". In this block, information will be collected on educational and institutional medical expenses. The institutional category will include payments made for goods and services availed of as an inpatient in both private as well as Government medical institutions like nursing homes, hospitals, etc. All other medical expenses will be treated under non-institutional category and will be recorded separately in Block 10.
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Block 10: Expenditure on miscellaneous goods and services including medical (non-institutional), rents and taxes during the last 30 days
In this block, information will be collected on the expenditure for purchase of miscellaneous goods and services during the last 30 days prior to the date of survey. If any such goods are purchased for gift or transfer, it is to be accounted against the payer household and not against the recipient household.
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Block 11: Expenditure for purchase and construction (including repair and maintenance) of durable goods for domestic use
Information on expenditure incurred for purchase and cost of raw materials and services for construction and repairs of durable goods for domestic use will be collected in this block. Expenditure will include both cash and kind. Purchase will include both first-hand and second-hand purchase and will be recorded in separate columns of this block. A purchase will qualify for consideration in this block only if some expenditure - whether in cash or kind or both - is incurred towards the purchase during the reference period. Expenditure incurred on purchase of durable goods for gifts or transfer is to be included in the giver household and not against the recipient household. In case of credit purchase of any item of this block, the actual expenditure made during the reference period will be recorded. The following points may be noted:
1. If the seller agrees to accept payment in instalments, it is called hire purchase. In case of hire purchase, only the payment made to the seller during the reference period is regarded as the expenditure incurred.
2. The term "hire-purchase" does not cover the case of purchase (e.g. of a car) fully financed by a loan from some person or enterprise other than the seller, where full payment is made to the seller. Here the household is considered to incur consumer expenditure at one stroke - not in instalments - by paying the entire sale value of the commodity (the principal borrowed from the financier) to the seller. This expenditure (payment to the seller) takes place before the durable comes into the buyer?s possession, not after. On the other hand, the repayment of the loan in instalments to the financier goes on for several months or years. The repayment of the loan to the financier is not relevant in recording consumer expenditure. In recording consumer expenditure incurred during the reference period, repayment of loan is not to be confused with consumer expenditure.
3. The time at which the item purchased comes into the possession of the household is not relevant. If the sample household incurred some expenditure on purchase of an asset during the reference period, then the expenditure incurred will be accounted in this block even if the household has not yet received it till the date of survey. Likewise, suppose a sample household acquired an asset (durable goods) during the reference period and it is in possession of the household but no payment has been made during the reference period. Such purchases are to be excluded.
4. Purchases made by the household during the reference period using a credit card will be included.
5. Suppose an asset which was purchased during the reference period for domestic use is reported to have been sold out during the reference period. Such a purchase will also be accounted.
Like Blocks 7, 8 and 9, Block 11 has a reference period of last 365 days in Schedule Type 2, and a double reference period - "last 30 days" and „last 365 days" - in Schedule Type 1. As a result, Block 11 in Schedule Type 1 has several additional columns compared to Schedule Type 2.
National Sample Survey (NSS) Round 66, Schedule 1 Type 2, Block 12: Summary of consumer expenditure
This block is meant to derive the value of per capita consumption expenditure for a period of 30 days. Most entries in this block are transfer entries from Blocks 5.1 to 11. References for transfer are provided in columns (3) to (5).
In Schedule Type 1, Block 12 provides for the computation of two measures of monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE). One is the Uniform Reference Period (URP) measure of MPCE based on data collected with a 30-day reference period for all items. The other is the Mixed Reference Period (MRP) measure of MPCE based on data with a 365-day reference period wherever available and a 30-day reference period for other items. The two measures of MPCE are to be worked out and shown against sl. nos. 47 and 48 respectively.
In Schedule Type 2, which is a "one item, one reference period" schedule, only one measure of MPCE is possible. This will be calculated in Block 12 and shown against sl. no. 42.
Transfer entries: In Schedule Type 1, entries in Block 12 against sl. nos. 1-26, 28-33, 35-40, and 45-46 will be made by transfer from Blocks 5.1 to 11. References for transfer are provided in columns (3) to (5). In Schedule Type 2, entries in Block 12 against sl. nos. 1-6, 8-17, 20-29, 31-36, and 40-41 will be transfer entries.
Sub-totals: In Schedule Type 1, entries against sl. nos. 27, 34 and 41 are sub-totals. In Schedule Type 2, the entries against sl. nos. 7, 18, 30 and 37 are sub-totals.
Conversion entries: In Schedule Type 1, the entry against sl. no. 42 is obtained by converting the entry against sl. no. 41, a 365-day figure, to its 30-day equivalent, by multiplying by 30/365. In Schedule Type 2, the entries against sl. nos. 18 and 37, which are 7-day and 365-day figures respectively, are similarly converted to 30-day figures by multiplying by suitable factors to obtain the entries against sl. nos. 19 and 38.
Total monthly household consumer expenditure is obtained in Schedule Type 1 by adding (1) the entries against sl. nos. 27 and 34 for the URP measure and (2) the entries against sl. nos. 27 and 42 for the MRP measure. In Schedule Type 2, total monthly household consumer expenditure is obtained by adding the entries against sl. nos. 7, 19, 30 and 38.
Finally, division by household size yields the two measures of MPCE from Schedule Type 1 and the single measure of MPCE from Schedule Type 2.