A comprehensive survey was conducted by Central Statistical Service (later Statistics South Africa) in October 1995 in order to determine the income and expenditure of households in South Africa. This survey shows the earnings and spendings of South African households and the pattern of household consumption. The survey covered the metropolitan, urban and rural areas of South Africa. The main purpose of the survey was to determine the average expenditure patterns of households in the different areas concerned. This survey forms the basis for the determination of the "basket" of consumer goods and services used for the calculation of the Consumer Price Index.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Units of analysis in the survey includes households
v1: Edited, anonymised dataset for licensed distribution
This survey provides data on the earnings and spending of South African households and household consumption
consumption/consumer behaviour [1.1]
income, property and investment/saving [1.5]
The survey had national coverage
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is magisterial district.
The 1995 IES differed from previous household surveys of its kind in South Africa, since it was a countrywide survey covering metro, urban and rural areas, rather than a more limited sub-set of households in 12 major metro/urban areas of the country previously referred to. By extending the sample to include the whole country, a clearer indication of the life circumstances of all South Africans in all parts of the country could be inferred.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Service
Two surveys, namely the CSS's annual October household survey (OHS) and the IES were run concurrently during October 1995. Information for the IES was obtained, as far as possible, from the same 30 000 households that were visited for the 1995 OHS. Altogether, 3 000 enumerator areas (EAs) were drawn for the sample, and ten households were visited in each EA. The sample was stratified by race, province, urban and non-urban area. The 1991 population census was used as a frame for drawing the sample, including estimates of the size of the population in the formerly independent TBVC (Transkei-Bophuthatswana-Venda-Ciskei) states.
More details on the sampling frame and sampling procedure are given in the report on the 1995 OHS, Living in South Africa (CSS, 1996).
Data collected on households were raised to the estimated number of households in the country in the various provinces, according to the proportions found in urban and non-urban areas in the 1991 census.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Some sections refers to monthly expenditure (1-31 October 1995) while other refers to
annual expenditure (October 1994-October 1995). In tables where monthly
expenditure per item is reported, the monthly expenditure as supplied by the
households was multiplied by 12 to estimate annual expenditure.
University of Cape Town
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Copyright, Statistics South Africa
DDI Document ID
University of Cape Town
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01: Adopted from "ddi-zaf-ssa-ies-1995-1.1” DDI that was done by metadata producer mentioned in “Metadata Production” section.