The 2008 Census of Agriculture is the fourth Census of Agriculture in Bangladesh. Prior to Agriculture Census, 2008, the last Agriculture Census was conducted in 1996. Previous censuses were conducted in 1977, 1983-84. Additionally, an Agriculture Sample Survey was conducted in 2005.
The 2008 Agriculture Census was carried out during 11th May to 25th May, 2008 on a full count basis. The broad objective of the Agriculture Census, 2008 is to determine the structure and characteristics of agricultural holdings managed by dwelling households.
The specific objectives of the Agriculture Census, 2008 are as follows:
a) To determine the number of agricultural holdings, area of holdings, average size of holding etc.;
b) To determine the number and distribution of households engaged in agriculture;
c) To determine the economic and employment size of the agriculture sector;
d) To determine the number of wage labour by gender employed in agriculture sector.
e) To determine the irrigated area under different crops;
f) To determine the stock of livestock and poultry;
g) To measures of the state and changes in attributes relating to the structure of agriculture such as the size and distribution of holding, tenureship, size and type of farming, extent of agriculture resources etc;
h) To provide benchmark data for improving current estimates of crop acreage, production and livestock resources.
i) To form a basis for the formulation, development and implementation of the programme and policies for agricultural development of the country.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Agricultural holders /Farm households
Producers and sponsors
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Training manual for enumerator and supervisor: A comprehensive and operational training manual was developed for enumerators and supervisors. Concepts, definitions, classification used in the census questionnaire were thoroughly explained in the training manual.
Training of Census Personnel
The enumerators and supervisors who were engaged in data collection at the field level were given intensive and adequate training on the concept, definition and terminologies used in the questionnaire. The enumerators were also trained on mock interview.
Data Collection at Field Level
Data collection at the field level is the most important part of a census because quality of data collection determines the success of any census and surveys. The following methods and technique were pursued for quality data collection at the field level:
• Educated unemployed youths were hired for collecting data at the field level. They were intensively and adequately trained on the goal and objectives of the census, methodology and the census instruments.
• Senior officials from BBS were deployed to supervise data collection at the field level.
• Enumerators conducted face to face interview using structured and pre-coded questionnaire.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
A structural questionnaire was designed to collect information on agriculture. The questionnaire was pre-tested at the field level to test the relevance and appropriateness of the survey instruments. The questionnaire was then modified and finalized on the basis of the findings available from the pre-testing.