National Sample Survey 2005-2006 (62nd round) - Schedule 10 - Employment and Unemployment
Labor Force Survey
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) has conducted a number of surveys on employment and unemployment to assess the volume and structure of employment and unemployment, starting from the 9th round (May-September, 1955). Since the 1970's, based on the concepts and definitions recommended by the Dantwala committee, seven detailed surveys on employment and unemployment have been undertaken once in every five years in the 27th (October 1972-September 1973), 32nd (July 1977-June 1978), 38th (January-December 1983), 43rd (July 1987-June 1988), 50th (July 1993-June 1994), 55th (July 1999-June 2000), and 61st (July 2004-June 2005) rounds. In addition, to meet the need for an annual series of key indicators on employment and unemployment, data on selected items on employment and unemployment particulars of the household members are being collected through the annual survey on household consumer expenditure (Schedule 1.0) from the 45th round (July 1989-June 1990) of NSS. In the annual rounds, 'usual activity status' and 'current weekly activity status' of the household members, along with the industry of work (at 2 digit level of NIC code) only are collected in the demographic block of the consumer expenditure schedule.
To meet Planning Commission's requirement for collection of employment and unemployment data on 'current daily status' basis every year, a separate schedule on employment and unemployment, different from that used in the quinquennial rounds was canvassed in the 60th round survey of NSSO (January 2004 - June 2004). In the 60th round, particulars of employment and unemployment according to 'usual activity status', 'current weekly activity status' and 'current daily activity status' of the household members were collected along with the information on educational standard of all the members and 'vocational training' received by members of a specified age group.
In the 62nd round survey, a separate schedule on employment and unemployment will be canvassed in the line of the schedule canvassed in the 60th round, with the following modifications:
a) In the current round, to meet the Planning Commission's requirement, information on the following items will be collected:
(i) 'Type of ration card possessed by the household'
(ii) Participation of the household members, in the rural areas, in various 'public works' programmes.
b) Information on household monthly consumer expenditure will be collected through five questions kept in the household characteristics block, instead of using a separate summary block for the purpose.
c) In this round, to meet the requirement of the Department of Elementary Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resources Development, information on current attendance in educational institution will be collected for persons of age below 30 years. Besides, for those who are currently attending any educational institution, information on 'type of institution' will also be collected.
d) Information on whether receiving/received any formal/ non-formal vocational training will be collected from the household members of age 15-29 years. Detailed particulars on formal vocational training will not be collected in this round.
e) NIC-2004 will be used for collection and recording of household principal industry and industry of work of household members. It is important to note that the industry Divisions 96 and 97 of NIC-2004 will not be used for the purpose of collection of information on industry of activity. The entire activities described under Division 97 are not under the production boundary of ISNA and are not also considered as economic activities in the NSS survey. A part of the activities under Division 96 (viz. hunting and gathering, farming and the production of shelter), which is within the production boundary of ISNA, is also considered as economic activities in NSS surveys and the industry of these undifferentiated activities will be judged in the usual manner as is done now, by considering the industry in which major time is spent. Thus, this part of activities will get classified against the respective industries under divisions 01-14 relating to the primary sector or 45 relating to construction. The rest of Division 96 is outside the production boundary of ISNA and will not be considered as economic activity for the NSS survey.
Particulars of persons unemployed on all the 7 days collected in the 60th round will not be collected in the present round.
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) conducted an integrated survey of households and unorganised manufacturing enterprises in the 62nd round of NSS during July 2005 - June 2006. The subjects covered related to household consumer expenditure, employment and unemployment and certain characteristics of unorganised manufacturing enterprises.
Surveys on employment and unemployment are being conducted quinquennialy on a large sample of households from the 27th round (October 1972 – September 1973) onwards. Seven quinquennial surveys have so far been conducted. Apart from these quinquennial surveys, the NSSO collected information on some items on employment and unemployment, as a part of the annual series, from a smaller sample of households in each round of survey since 45th round (July 1989 – June 1990) till 59th round (January – December 2003). The data in these rounds were collected through the household consumer expenditure schedule. In the 60th round (January- June 2004), a separate schedule was designed for collection of data on employment and unemployment and the data was collected from an independent set of sample households. In 62nd round also, a separate schedule, on the lines of the schedule canvassed in the 60th round, was canvassed, in an independent set of sample households.
Survey Design and Research Division of NSSO developed the sample design and survey instruments and also prepared the report. The Field Operations Division of NSSO carried out the fieldwork and the Data Processing Division of NSSO handled the data processing and tabulation work. The Coordination and Publication Division of NSSO coordinated various activities pertaining to the survey.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
The subjects covered related to household consumer expenditure, employment and unemployment and certain characteristics of unorganised manufacturing enterprises.
Producers and sponsors
National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO)
Government of India, MOSPi
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
In the present round, Schedule 10 on employment-unemployment consists of 9 blocks. The first three blocks, viz. Blocks 0, 1 and 2, are used to record identification of sample households and particulars of field operations, as is the common practice in usual NSS rounds. Similarly, the last two blocks, viz., Blocks 7 & 8, are again the usual blocks to record the remarks of investigator and comments by supervisory officer(s), respectively. Of the remaining 4 blocks, Block 3 is for recording the household characteristics like household size, household industry, occupation, religion, social group, household type, land possessed, possession of ration card, and monthly household consumer expenditure, etc. Block 4 is for recording the demographic particulars, current attendance in educational institutions, vocational training and some particulars relating to participation of the household members on public works. In Block 5, usual activity particulars, both principal and subsidiary, of all the household members, will be recorded. The daily time disposition for different activities, for each of the seven days prior to the date of survey, along with the particulars of the activities, will be recorded for each of the household members in Block 6. For the regular salaried/ wage employee and casual labourers, wage and salary earnings will also be collected in this block. Besides, the current weekly status (cws) will be derived in this block from the daily time disposition data.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.