The objective of 1999 NCAS was to provide baseline data on the activities of the child population in Namibia for planning purposes, policy implementation and monitoring and the evaluation of government development programmes aimed at improving the status of the vulnerable socio -economic groups of the Namibian child population. More specifically, the survey was designed to:
- provide reliable and up -to-date data on the magnitude of the child labour phenomenon in Namibia for purposes of policy formulation at the national level as well as for different economic sectors;
- provide urgently needed data on the character, determinants and consequences of the hazardous and exploitative activities in which children are involved;
- provide a basis for future monitoring of trends and variations in the labour market;
- provide information on the conditions under which children work and even focusing more attention on particular issues such as hours of work, remuneration and occupational health and safety;
- investigate the effects that child labour impacts on the education of the children, wherever this phenomenon exists;
- enable the government and other non-governmental agencies to identify priority categories of vulnerable children for interventionist policy measures and action programmes and;
- to generate up-to-date statistical information on the unacceptable child activities for community and public awareness.
The 1999 NCAS was conducted on a sample basis covering the whole country in February/March 1999. It was expected that the 1999 NCAS would provide baseline data on child activities in the labour force that would enhance the development of the youth through appropriate policy formulation, development planning, plan monitoring and evaluation.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- Children aged 6-18
The 1999 Namibia Child Activities Survey covered the following topics:
- Household demographic characteristics
- Current economically active (for persons 19 years and above)
- Usual activity of children 6 to 18 years
- Current activity of children 6 to 18 years old
- Employed children 6 to 18 years old
- Unemployed children 6 to 18 years old
- Education and training for those aged 6 to 18 years who are employed and unemployed and are currently enrolled at school or training institution
- Housing conditions
- Household income
The target group for this survey was the population of children in the age group 6–18 years living in private households. Children living in institutions such as hospitals, hostels, barracks and prisons were not covered by the survey.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Labor
Government of Republic of Namibia
Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
National Planning Commission, Government of Republic of Namibia
The design for the survey was a stratified two-stage sample design where the first stage units are geographical areas (PSU's) which are selected with probability proportional to size. The size measure of the PSU is the 1991 census household counts for most of the strata. There were few strata, which were upgraded with the recent household counts. The second stage units are the households selected with systematic equal probability sampling from a current list of households within the PSU, prepared just before the interview.
The 1997 Labour Force Survey data was used to produce some rough indicators of the target population. This indicated that at national level the average number of children in 6-18 year age-group per household was about 1.7 and the average number of employed children in the same age -group per household was about 0.1 which was very small. Since the working children are of primary importance for this survey, to capture a reasonable sample of them, a large sample of households has to be selected.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The various sections of the questionnaire are as follows:
Section A: Identification particulars of the household, including its geographical location.
Section B: Information on all persons who were members of the household during the reference night.
Section C: Information on the education for those aged 6 years and above.
Section D: Information on the current activities of the adult population 19 years and above.
Section E: The usual activities of children aged 6 to 18 years
Section F: Information on the current activities of children aged 6 to 18 years
Section G: The employed children and the nature of their work
Section H: The unemployed children (first-time unemployed/ job seekers and those who have worked before)
Section I: Education and child economic activities.
Section J: Information on the working conditions of the employed children and the unemployed children who had worked before.
Section K: The housing conditions in which children live.
Section L: Information on the sources of household income
Section M: Control information
Estimates of Sampling Error
The accuracy of survey estimates is generally taken to mean the closeness of that estimate to the exact or true value. The true value, which is mostly unknown, is the value that would be obtained, if data could be collected and processed without any errors for all of the units in the population. The error of a particular survey estimate is the difference between that estimate and the true value of the quantity being estimated.
This error can mainly be divided into two groups of errors: Sampling errors and nonsampling errors.
i. Sampling errors
Sampling errors arise from the fact that the observations are confined to a sample of the population rather than the whole population. The sampling errors can be minimised within the given budget if a suitable design is adopted and this error can always be calculated if a probability sample is used.
ii. Non-sampling errors
Apart from the sampling errors, non-sampling errors can arise at every stage during a survey operation. Unlike the sampling errors these non-sampling errors cannot be measured. We can only guess or feel about them. It is vitally important that these errors are controlled. If not properly controlled, the whole survey results may not be of any use. Hence everyone involved in the survey should clearly know what he or she is supposed to do and do that very carefully and correctly.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Namibia Ministry of Labour and Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Namibia Child Activities Survey 1999. Ref. NAM_1999_NCAS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [source] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.