The Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) is the principal source of industrial statistics in India. It provides statistical information to assess changes in the growth, composition and structure of organised manufacturing sector comprising activities related to manufacturing processes, repair services, gas and water supply and cold storage. The Survey is conducted annually under the statutory provisions of the Collection of Statistics Act 1953, and the Rules framed there-under in 1959, except in the State of Jammu & Kashmir where it is conducted under the State Collection of Statistics Act, 1961 and the rules framed there-under in 1964.
This survey replaced both the CMI (Census of Manufacturing Industries) and SSMI (Sample Survey of Manufacturing Industries). The ASI was launched in 1960 with 1959 as the reference year and is continuing since then except for 1972. The ASI refers to the factories defined in accordance with the Factories Act 1948, and thus has coverage wider than that of the CMI and SSMI put together.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The primary unit of enumeration in the survey is a factory in the case of manufacturing industries, a workshop in the case of repair services, an undertaking or a licensee in the case of electricity, gas & water supply undertakings and an establishment in the case of bidi & cigar industries. The owner of two or more establishments located in the same State and pertaining to the same industry group and belonging to same scheme (census or sample) is, however, permitted to furnish a single consolidated return. Such consolidated returns are common feature in the case of bidi and cigar establishments, electricity and certain public sector undertakings.
Merging of unit level data
As per existing policy to merge unit level data at ultimate digit level of NIC'08 (i.e., 5 digit) for the purpose of dissemination, the data have been merged for industries having less than three units within State, District and NIC-08 (5 Digit) with the adjoining industries within district and then to adjoining districts within a state. There may be some NIC-08 (5 Digit) ending with '9' that do not figure in the book of NIC '08. These may be treated as 'Others' under the corresponding 4-digit group. To suppress the identity of factories data fields corresponding to PSL number, Industry code as per Frame (4-digit level of NIC-09) and RO/SRO code have been filled with '9' in each record.
It may please be noted that, tables generated from the merged data may not tally with the published results for few industries, since the merging for published data has been done at aggregate-level to minimise the loss of information.
Version1.00: Reorganised Anonymized dataset for publication
The schedule for ASI 2009-2010 has undergone minor changes from that of ASI 2008-2009 and it has got two parts. Part-I which is processed at the CSO (IS Wing), Kolkata, aims to collect data on assets and liabilities, employment and labour cost, receipts, expenses, input items – indigenous and imported, products and by-products, distributive expenses etc. Part-II, processed by the Labour Bureau, aims to collect data on different aspects of labour statistics, namely, working days, mandays worked, absenteeism, labour turnover, man-hours worked, earning and social security benefits.
The survey covers all the factories registered under Sections 2(m)(i) and 2(m)(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948, i.e. 10 or more workers with the aid of power or 20 or more workers without the aid of power. The survey also covers bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act 1966. All electricity undertakings engaged in generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, but not registered with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) are also covered under ASI. Defence establishments, oil storage and distribution depots etc. are excluded from the purview of the survey.
The ASI extends to the entire country except the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Sikkim and Union Territory of Lakshadweep.
It covers all factories registered under Sections 2m(i) and 2m(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 i.e. those factories employing 10 or more workers using power; and those employing 20 or more workers without using power. The survey also covers bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 with coverage as above. All electricity undertakings engaged in generation, transmission and distribution of electricity registered with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) were covered under ASI irrespective of their employment size. Certain servicing units and activities like water supply, cold storage, repairing of motor vehicles and other consumer durables like watches etc. are covered under the Survey. Though servicing industries like motion picture production, personal services like laundry services, job dyeing, etc. are covered under the Survey but data are not tabulated, as these industries do not fall under the scope of industrial sector defined by the United Nations.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Organisation (CSO)
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
CSO(IS Wing), Kolkata
Analysis, Design and data processing
Field Operation Division, NSSO
MOSPI, Government of India
Standing Committee on Industrial Statistics
Formulation and Finalisation of the survey study
Dissemination and web hosting
Sample Design and Sample Allocation
There has not been any major change in the sampling strategy of ASI 2009-10 from that of ASI 2008-2009. The Census Sector has been defined as follows:
a) All industrial units belonging to the six less industrially developed states/ UT's viz. Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
b) For the rest of the twenty-six states/ UT's., (i) units having 100 or more workers, and (ii) all factories covered under Joint Returns.
Strata (State by 4-digit of NIC-04) having less than or equal to four units after selecting the Census Sector units as defined above are also selected as census sector.
From the remaining frame, samples were drawn considering a uniform sampling fraction of 19% for the states within a State X 4-digit NIC with a minimum of 4 units evenly distributed in two sub-samples. The size of the live frame containing units with status 'open', 'close' or 'non-operating' was 2, 08, 417. 23,782 of these units belonged to the census sector, while the remaining 1, 84,635 units were from sample sector. Total sample size for ASI 2009-10 was 61,080 (23,782 census and 37,298 sample).
Deviations from the Sample Design
There was no deviation from sample design in ASI 2009-10.
WGT (Multiplier factor) is the weighting variable from Block A: IDENTIFICATION Block. For Census data WGT has been given weight as 1.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Statutory return submitted by factories as well as Face to face
NSSO under the Ministry of Statistics and PI, Government of India is responsible for supervision of data collection.
Data Collection Notes
ASI Schedule has two parts: Part-I and Part-II. Part-I of ASI schedule aims to collect data on assets and liabilities, employment and labour cost, receipts, expenses, input items - indigenous and imported, products and by-products, distributive expenses etc. Part-II of ASI schedule aims to collect data on different aspects of labour statistics, namely, working days, mandays worked, absenteeism, labour turnover, man-hours worked, earning and social security benefits.
General Remarks regarding filling up of ASI schedules
The ASI work involves a number of stages. There are some general procedural aspects.
A separate return for each registered factory/electricity supply undertaking should be submitted as a rule. In following this, the aspects to be taken note of are:
Unless ownership has changed during the reference year, only one return is to be compiled for one factory.
If a part of a registered factory has been operated by the owner and another part by the occupier the total manufacturing activities of both the owner and the occupier should be duly recorded in one return.
If the factory as a whole has been rented out, the return for the factory may be filled from the occupier's point of view.
If for a factory, which is served with notice, is found that its products are meant for training of inmates and has no sale value and are produced as a product during training, the facts may be reported to the Statistics Authority and data need not be collected This is normally applicable to Training Centers and Jails which are registered as factories. Further, workshop in jails registered under factories Act should be canvassed for ASI only when the products of the workshop are meant for sale. In case the products are not sold but are incidental to training to the convicts engaged at the workshop, such a workshop is outside the purviews of ASI.
Submission of Joint Returns
Although, as per rules for such registered unit of inquiry a separate return should be furnished, in special circumstances, where the accounts of two or more registered units cannot be bifurcated factory wise a joint return may be accepted in a particular ASI if all the following conditions are fulfilled:
They are located in the same State.
They belong to the Census Scheme i.e. 100 or more workers only.
They belong to the same industry at the ultimate NIC code level.
There will be no joint return in sample sector. Also there will be no joint return with Census and Sample. In such cases appropriate apportions should be done to avoid any complications in estimation different parameters. In census sector also appropriate apportions should be made if some changes occur in joint returns.
NSSO(Field Operation Division)
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Annual Survey of Industries Questionnaire (in External Resources) is divided into different blocks:
BLOCK A.IDENTIFICATION PARTICULARS
BLOCK B. PARTICULARS OF THE FACTORY (TO BE FILLED BY OWNER OF THE FACTORY)
BLOCK C: FIXED ASSETS
BLOCK D: WORKING CAPITAL & LOANS
BLOCK E : EMPLOYMENT AND LABOUR COST
BLOCK F : OTHER EXPENSES
BLOCK G : OTHER INCOMES
BLOCK H: INPUT ITEMS (indigenous items consumed)
BLOCK I: INPUT ITEMS – directly imported items only (consumed)
BLOCK J: PRODUCTS AND BY-PRODUCTS (manufactured by the unit)
Pre-data entry scrutiny was carried out on the schedules for inter and intra block consistency checks. Such editing was mostly manual, although some editing was automatic. But, for major inconsistencies, the schedules were referred back to NSSO (FOD) for clarifications/modifications.
Code list, State code list, Tabulation program and ASICC code are available in the External Resources..
After pre-data entry scrutiny, all the scrutinised schedules were entered in the ORACLE data base by manual typing through data entry software which was prepared in Visual Basic. Client-Server architecture has been used for in house data entry and validation using Oracle as a back end data base and Visual Basic as the front-end tools. 40 Desktop computers were connected in LAN with the server for data entry and validation. There were 30 data entry operators doing the data entry and validation through software, their average productivity being between 20-25 ASI schedules per working day. After data entry, verification of the schedules was also done programmatically. After all kinds of coverage checking and verification, logical validation was done and then the tables were prepared as per the tabulation programme.
The results of ASI are produced in the form of two volumes. Volume - I presents statewise and industry-wise data relating to capital, employments, output - gross and net and several other economic parameters relevant to the industrial sector. Volume -II provides details on materials consumed and ex-factory of products and by products both at all-India level as well as at the level of state/UTs. RSE of estimates at all India level are also available in Volume-I.
Estimates of Sampling Error
Relative Standard Error (RSE) is calculated in terms of worker, wages to worker and GVA using the formula (Pl ease refer to Estimation Procedure document in external resources). Programs developed in Visual Foxpro are used to compute the RSE of estimates.
To check for consistency and reliability of data the same are compared with the NIC-2digit level growth rate at all India Index of Production (IIP) and the growth rates obtained from the National Accounts Statistics at current and constant prices for the registered manufacturing sector.
ASI Processing and Report
Deputy Director General, CSO (IS Wing) 1, Council House Street, Kolkata
Deputy Director General, Computer Centre, East Block-10, R K Puram, New Delhi
Deputy Director, Computer Centre, East Block-10, R K Puram, New Delhi
The ASI data at factory level are strictly confidential and are to be used only for statistical purposes after aggregation.
The collection of Statistics Act assures confidentiality of the data to the factories.
To ensure confidentiality, data of factories with less than three units in an industry are merged. Location of the unit is also not divulged in the micro data.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Statistical Organisation. India Annual Survey of Industries 2009-2010. Ref. IND_2009_ASI_v01_M. Data downloaded from [web] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorised distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
ASI 2009-10, CSO(IS Wing), Kolkata
DDI Document ID
Ministry of Statistics and P I
Documentation of the study
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (July 2013) - Adopted version of a DDI "DDI-IND-CSO-ASI-2009-10" received from India Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.