This is the first Transport Indicators Household Survey conducted by the Statistical Service in collaboration with the Ministry of Transport as part of the Transport Indicators Database Project Phase I.
The survey was conducted by the Statistical Service in collaboration with the Ministry of Transportation and was funded by the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). The main objective of the survey was to derive reliable estimates of indicators relevant to the transport industry in the country. The survey covered a total of 6,000 households selected from 400 Enueration Areas (EAs) across the country. The survey collected information on the demographic characteristics of the household members including age, sex, level of education and employment status. More detailed information was collected on the modes of transport used to school, hospital/clinic, market places, etc. Information was also collected on the waiting time at bus stops, time taken to travel and from school, hospital/clinics, etc. and the cost of travel. Questions were also asked about the kind of difficulties household members faced in the use of the various modes of transport.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v01: National Transport Household Survey Final Dataset and Report
This is the final version of the data used for the report.
The scope of the National Transport Household Survey included: Demographic characteristics of household members including school attendance, means of transport to and from school or workplace and difficulties or obstacles faced, means of transport to a health facility or the market place, monthly expenditures on the use of transport and satisfaction with services provided, market access for agricultural produce.
TRANSPORT, TRAVEL AND MOBILITY 
The lowest level of aggregation was the Region. There were 10 administrative regions and 138 districts in Ghana at the time of the survey.
The survey covered households and individuals 3 years and older from households from the nationally sampled area.
Producers and sponsors
Ghana Statistical Service
Office of the President
Ministry of Transportation
Assisted with the review of the indicators
Ministry of Transportation
Assisted with the preparation of the report
Danish International Development Agency
Provided funding for the survey
A sample of 6,000 households was selected from 400 Enumeration Areas (EAs) for the survey. The frame from which the sample was selected was based on the 2000 Population and Housing Census. The frame was stratified into urban/rural and the 10 administrative regions of the country before sample selection. The sample was selected in two stages. The first stage involved the systematic selection of 400 EAs with probability proportional to size, the measure of size being the number of households in an EA. The second stage involved the selection of 20 households from each selected EA. The first 15 households selected in each EA were interviewed and the extra 5 households served as backup for replacement in case of a non-response or the absence of a selected household.
Deviations from the Sample Design
The survey was implemented according to the Sample Design. The only difference from other surveys was that households which could not be located were replaced.
Sample weights were calculated for eac Enumeraion Area for the computation of estimates for the entire population. These were adjusted by the number of households successfully interviewed using the household listing done for the survey.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
There were 12 teams formed for the data collection made up of a supervisor and three interviewers. The role of the supervisor was to arrange for the interviewers to meet the selected households for the interview. For each enumeration area, the supervisor met with the community leaders to explain to them the purpose of the data collection exercise. He/She was also required to review the completed questionnaires for each interviewer. There were field visits by members of the project implementing team to check the work of the teams and also assist in resolving any problems in the field.
Data Collection Notes
There was a pre-testing of the questionnaire after the compilation and review of the indicators at a stakeholders' workshop. A 10-day residential training workshop was organized for the field personnel. The training involved lectures on interviewing techniques, understanding of concepts and definitions, mock interviews and field practice. There were 12 teams formed for the fieldwork, made up of a supervisor and three interviewers. An additional team was set up to edit the questionnaires from the field before data capture. There were sessions for interview practice in the major local languages. Interviews were conducted in English and the major languages. The supervisor visited the locality to identify the selected households and arrange for the interviews. There was a meeting with the community leaders to explain the purpose of the survey before the interviews took place.
Ghana Statistical Service
The survey being part of the Transport Indicators Database Project, stakehoder meetings were held to identify transport sector indicators after which the questionnaire was developed. The questionnaire was further subjected to further reviews by stakeholders and pre-tested before finalization. The final questionnaire for the fieldwork was published in English. An instruction manual was developed alongside the questionniare to guide both the supervisors and interviewers.
The completed questionnaires from the field were edited by 5 editors who were selected during the training of personnel for the fieldwork. They also coded some portions of the questionnaire, particlaurly occupation and industry before data capture.
Data capture was done using CSPro. A double-entry entry data capture strategy was adopted using 6 data entry operators to ensure data quality. After cleaning and validation, the data was exported into SPSS for analysis. The data entry personnel had earler been trained alongside the field personnel to familiarize themselves with the questionnaire.
Government of Ghana
Ghana Statistical Service
World Bank Microdata Library
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1. Not to make copies of any files or portions of files to which access has been granted except with the authorization by GSS
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The Ghana Statistical Service as a public institution has the obligation to promote data dissemination to facilitate national development. Making mcrodata available will enable students and the academia to conduct research works, assist investors to take business decision, help the individual to evaluate and take appropriate decisions. It will also assist the government to formulate appropriate policies and programmes to facilitate national development. GSS' policy framework provides access to data through:
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The following terms and conditions apply:
Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree:
1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files for which access has been granted, except those authorized by GSS.
2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to identify any person, establishment, or sampling unit.
3. To hold in strictest confidence, the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the GSS.
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"Ghana Statistical Service, National Transport Household Survey 2007 (NTHS 2007), provided by the National Data Archive. http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/nada/index.php/catalog/28"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The original collector of the data, GSS and any producers or sponsors cited in this document bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Ghana Statiscal Service
Lead documetning institution
Accelerated Data Program
International Household Survey Network
Review of the metadata
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (October 2013). Edited version based on Version 01 (July 2012) DDI that was done by Ghana Statistical Service and reviewed by Accelerated Data Program, International Household Survey Network.