Poverty is the fundamental problem facing many developing countries such as Indonesia. Poverty has always been a major agenda for development in Indonesia ranging from the administration of President Soekarno until the government of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Some poverty alleviation policies and programs have been proposed and implemented. The problem of poverty get more attention from the government, especially after the economic crisis in mid-1997. Even in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) of 2004-2009 has targeted poverty reduction in Indonesia for five years from 16.7 percent in 2004 to 8.2 percent in 2009.
To support the poverty reduction strategy, the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) believed the government to present data and information poverty. In measuring poverty, BPS uses the concept of the ability to meet basic needs (basic needs approach). With this approach, poverty is seen as an economic inability to meet basic food and non-food as measured from the expenditure side. The data source used is the data of National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS) BPS conducted every year. The measurement method is based on the poverty level Poverty Line (GK), so that those who have an average per capita expenditure per month under GK categorized as poor. Unfortunately due to the limited number of samples, the bureau can only produce poverty indicators at national, provincial and district poverty indicators commonly called macro. The resulting indicators are only good for targeting the area but can not be used for targeting individual (household)
In 2005, BPS do the Social Economic Colletion (PSE05), which aims to get the data in the form of micro poverty households directory that deserves a direct cash assistance (BLT) in 2005-2006. Given the data turns PSE05 considered better results compared to a database available in local government. Nevertheless, it is recognized that the data from PSE05 not perfect. The study of 56 universities found the data from PSE05 still contains 8 percent and 22.36 percent error inclusion exclusion error (Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare 2005). In addition to BLT program, data PSE05 also used in targeting households on several national programs, such as the Health Insurance of the Poor (HIP) and cheap rice program for the poor (Raskin). These programs succeeded in reducing poverty levels, poor households proved as much 17.8 percent in 2006 down to 15.4 percent in 2008. But be aware that the collection PSE05 an activity that is great for BPS, BPS so many other activities are pending at this time.
After PSE05 activities, in 2007 the BPS also conducted the data collection for the household conditional direct cash assistance program (Family Hope Program / PKH) in 2007. The collection of data to support this program called Basic Health Care Survey and Education 2007 (SPDKP07). Results from SPDKP07 considered much better than the data from PSE05 because only less inclusion and exclusion errors of his. This is because SPDKP07 implemented only in 953 districts / cities were selected and a much larger budget.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data
Unit of Analysis
The unit of analysis is the individual in the household, from each selected household collected information about the general state of each member of the household including name, relationship to head of household, sex, and age.
v01: Basic raw data. Obtained from Survey Meter
- Neighborhood : All household
- Household : Head of household and all household members
Head of Household
Coverage provincial representative to the level of the village / district.
This survey covers all household members.
Producers and sponsors
In measuring poverty, BPS uses the concept of the ability to meet basic needs (basic needs). For macro data and information poverty, the data source is the National Socio-Economic Survey (NSES) BPS conducted every year. For micro poverty data, in 2005 the BPS has conducted Social Economic Colletion (PSE05), which aims to get a database of poor households who deserve direct cash assistance (BLT) in 2005-2006. In addition to BLT program, data PSE05 also used in targeting households on several national programs, such as the Health Insurance of the Poor (HIP) and cheap rice program for the poor (Raskin). After PSE05 activities, in 2007 the BPS also organize poverty micro data collection for household database program recipients of Direct Conditional Cash Transfer (Family Hope Program) in 2007 and 2008 through a survey of Primary Health Care and Education 2007 (SPDKP07).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data is available at an external source. Please contact survey meter for more information on the data requests.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
Data users claim that the data producer, the official distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agencies are not responsible for the use of data, interpretation, or conclusion based on the use of data.
DDI Document ID
Data Cataloging Staff
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (December 2013). Edited version based on Version 01 (Initial version of DDI documentation - December 2012) DDI (DDI_IDN_2008_SUSETI_v01_M) that was done by Ayu Harlinah (The World Bank).