The JSLC is conducted annually by the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) on a rotating panel of approximately 2000 households. This survey has been implemented without interruption since 1988. However, in 2003, a abridged version of the questionnaire containing consumption expenditure and basic houshold characteristics only was fielded. Since then, the full surveyis fielded biannually. The main objective of the survey is to monitor the social conditions of the Jamaican populace.
The JSLC gleans household and individual data from a subset of the population covered by the Labour force Survey. Information is collected on consumption, health, education, nutrition, housing, demographic characteristics, and the Food Stamp Programme. The main purpose of the survey is to provide the government with information for policy development and planning. Although modeled of the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys, it has a narrower focus and greater emphasis on policy impact.
In 2009, the complete the survey - demographics, health, education housing, social welfare, and consumption expenditure, except for the anthropometry - along with a coping strategy module, was fielded.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2010-06-31- editted data used for report
The 2009 JSLC included all modules of the survey plus a module on coping strategies.
Food expenses including home production and food received as gifts
Non-food consumption expenditure
Inventory of durable goods owned by household
Miscellaneous income received by household
Household roster of all members
Illness during a 4 week period
Use of public and private health facilities
Cost of public and private facilities
Purchase and use of medications
level of health insurance
health status of children less than five years
Beneficiaries of social welfare
Presence of amenities - water, light, telephone
Structure of housing
Coping in the face of the recession
Health and health care utilisation
Education and academic achievement
National covering all parishes in Jamaica
All non-institution dwellings All persons living in non-institutional dwellings in Jamaica
Producers and sponsors
Planning Institute of Jamaica
Statistical Institute of Jamaica
Government of Jamaica
The sample dwellings for the JSLC is a random sub-set of the sample of approximately one-third of the preceding Labour Force survey (LFS) to facilitate linkage of the data from both surveys. The sampling design is a two-stage stratified random sampling with the first stage being the selection of areas (enumeration districts (ED)) and the second stage a selection of dwellings. For the selection of EDsall in the country are grouped into Sampling Regions (SR) of strata of approximate equal size, in terms of the number odf dwellings. Two EDs are selected from each sampling region with probability proportionate to size. In each ED, a list of dwellings is prepared and this becomes the frame for the selection of the Master Sample of dwellings for the labour force.
Vacant/closed dwellings 25.1%
Total non-response - 33.5%
Data weighted for non-response
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Overall coordination at national level with a minimum of one supervisor per parish. The JSLC statisticians visit all the supervisors’ zones during the early part of the fieldwork and scrutinize a number of questionnaires completed by each interviewer and checked by the responsible supervisor. On-the-job training, corrections, etc are done as necessary.
Data Collection Notes
The planned sample size was 2704 households; actual sample was 1787. The refusal rate was 8.4%, while 25.1% of dwellings being closed/vacant. Less than 1% were rejected during data cleaning.
The survey instrument for the JSLC is a household questionnaire the core of which is basically the same each year. This ensures continuity and comparability. A focus topic, used to capture basic data on coping strategies, was included in the questionnaire in 2009.
A. Health of all household members
B. Education of all household members
D. Social Protection (PATH) for all householdmembers
E. Daily Expenses (past 7 days)
F. Food Expenses including Home Productionand Food received as Gift (past 7 days and past30 days)
G. Consumption Expenditure
H. Other Consumption Expenditure (past 30days, past 12 months)
I. Non-Consumption Expenditure (Insurance,Gifts, Donations, etc. - past 30 days and past12 months)
J. Housing and Related Expenses Inventory of Durable Goods
K. Miscellaneous–Received from sources outsideof household
L. Coping Strategies (To be completed by mainbreadwinner)
R. Household Roster (all household members)
Before data entry, all the questionnaires are edited and coded. All questionnaires partially completed, or not properly filled out, were removed from data entry operations if they could not be corrected. The questionnaires were then screened by the supervising Statisticians, before being submitted for data entry.
The data entry for JSLC 2009 was done on personal computers and adequate computer checks for ensuring consistency in totals, codes, etc, which are feasible at this stage were introduced in the programme. The computer printouts of the data in respect of all households were then compared with the individual questionnaires to try and spot data entry errors, first by the assistants and then by the SLC statisticians.
The SAS software was used for all electronic processing.
Estimates of Sampling Error
These are done and recorded in the report
University of the West Indies
Users of the data must agree to keep confidential all data contained in these datasets and to make no attempt to identify, trace or contact any individual whose data is included in these datasets.
Datasets are distributed at minimal or no cost for legitimate research depending on the classification of user, with the condition that users acknowledge source of data. Copies of all reports and publications based on the requested data must be sent to the Planning Institute of Jamaica and the Derek Gordon Databank, University of the West Indies.
Statistical Institute Of Jamaica. Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions, 2010 [Computer file]. Kingston, Jamaica: Statistical Institute Of Jamaica [producer], 2009. Kingston, Jamaica: Planning Institute of Jamaica and Derek Gordon Databank, University of the West Indies [distributors], 2010.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The Statistical Institute of Jamaica and UNICEF provides these data to external users without any warranty or responsibility implied. The Statistical Institute of Jamaica, Planning Institute of Jamaica and University of the West Indies accepts no responsibility for the results and/or implications of any actions resulting from the use of these data.