The CFSVA process generates a document that describes the food security status of various segments of a population over various parts of a country or region, analyses the underlying causes of vulnerability, and recommends appropriate interventions to deal with the problems. CFSVAs are undertaken in all crisis-prone food-insecure countries. The shelf life of CFSVAs is determined by the indicators being collected and reported. In most situations, CFSVA findings are valid for three to five years, unless there are drastic food security changes in the meantime.
The primary aim of the food security and nutrition survey was to obtain a better understanding of the food security and nutrition situation of resident population as well as a sub-sample of IDPs in rural Azerbaijan. The report serves as key input into WFP’s decision-making process, with regards to the need for, or the shape of any WFP Programme after 2005.The objectives of the study were to:
• Assess levels of food insecurity of resident population in the six economic zones (shown on map) and IDPs living in various settlement types.
• Carry out a livelihood and vulnerability analysis to describe the overall food security situation of residents and IDPs.
• Assess the malnutrition and health status of the sampled households by collecting anthropometric data and other relevant information on micronutrient deficiencies, namely anaemia and iodine deficiency.
• To determine who the food insecure are, where they live, and why they are food insecure.
• Provide recommendations to decision-makers on the possible role for food aid, beyond 2005 in addressing household food insecurity.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household: Demography, housing and amenities, household and animal assets, income sources & contribution, agriculture, expenditures; food consumption, food sufficiency, exposure to risks & shocks and coping strategies, maternal and child health and nutrition.
Rural regions and IDP communities
The survey covered household (group of individuals sharing same budget for basic expenses, including food, housing, health and sanitation) heads, women between 15-49 years plus their pre-school children (0-59 months) resident of that household.
Producers and sponsors
World Food Programme
United Nations World Food Programme
The main focus of the survey was on the food security and vulnerability of resident populations in rural areas of Azerbaijan. Hence, the majority of household interviews were from these resident populations with only a small subsample of IDP households in the six economic zones. Separate samples were drawn by WFP VAM-HQ from each group for the survey.
A list of all communities and their populations in the economic zones of Guba-Kachmaz, Daglig-Shirvan, Sheki-Zagatala, Aran (divided into Kur and Orta-Kur), Ganja-Gazakh and Lankaran-Astara was provided by WFP Azerbaijan. Not covered were Nakhchivan an isolated zone surrounded by Turkey, Iran and Armenia, the occupied area of Nagorno-Karabakh and the occupied districts surrounding it, and the Absheron peninsula, which is sparsely populated except for the greater Baku area. Exceptions were the two districts Tartar and Khyzy -Tartar officially belonging to the occupied economic zone is covered under the Orta-Kur sub-sample and Khyzy, officially belonging to the Absheron peninsula, is covered under Guba-Kachmaz.
A two-stage cluster sampling was applied; the first stage was to draw a sample of 20, 30 or 40 clusters (in total 210 clusters) depending on the population size of each zone or sub-zone. The second stage was to randomly select 12 to 15 households in each sampled community using interval sampling based upon the physical distribution of households within a grid. A total of 3,078 households were interviewed, which included 27 IDP-households that lived mixed with local residents. The sample allows comparisons between Economic Zones but is not precisely representative of the population.
The majority of IDP settlements are located in 13 districts. As it was difficult to obtain a reliable sampling frame indicating the location of IDP-settlements, it was decided to draw a purposive sample based upon the settlement type. Hence, the results are not statistically representative and should rather serve as estimates to describe in general the food security situation of IDPs in the country.
At the time of the survey only one railway camp still existed, the sample size is therefore rather small for this category. It should also be noted that many households categorized as dugouts, now live in small basic mud-brick houses located next to their former underground dwellings where they now keep livestock. It was still decided to treat these households as a separate category as they reside in a distinct geographic area; it can also be assumed that their former livelihoods as herders still determine many aspects of their current situation and livelihood opportunities.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The data collection was organized and carried by the NGO, Relief International (RI). After several days of training and field-testing, enumerators were divided into 8 teams of 4 members - 1 team leader, 2 enumerators, and 1 medical doctor who was responsible for anthropometric measurements, haemoglobin and iodine testing. Basically each team covered one zone including the sampled IDP settlements in the zone. Kur, with 40 clusters, was covered by two teams, also because the majority of IDP settlements were located there. The data collection process which took place from 01 September to 19 October 2004 was regularly monitored by WFP and Relief International staff members.
The household questionnaire was developed to collect quantitative information on household demography, housing and amenities, household and animal assets, income sources & contribution, agriculture, expenditures; food consumption, food sufficiency, exposure to risks & shocks and coping strategies, maternal and child health and nutrition.
A special section was designed for IDP households to assess their specific situation related to their displacement.
For maternal anthropometry, height and weight were measured for non-pregnant women while weight and length/height were measured on children less than 5 years of age. This information would be used to calculate nutritional indicators (stunting, wasting, underweight and BMI).
The questionnaire was prepared in English and then translated into Azerbaijani for actual data collection.
All questionnaires and modules are provided as external resources.
The data were entered on a rolling basis by a team of people employed by Relief International. They were supervised by RI and supported by WFP CO and HQ staff. The teams used Epi-Info Epi Info 6 [program]. 6.04d version. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2001. software version 6.04d. The calculation of child anthropometric indices was conducted in Epinut, a module within Epi-Info.
All data were analysed using SPSS software, versions 11.5 and 12.0, except for the multi-variate analysis which was done using ADATTI software.
Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping
World Food Programme
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
World Food Programme. Azerbaijan Food Security and Nutrition Survey 2004. Ref. AZE_2004_CFSVA_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://nada.vam.wfp.org/index.php/catalog on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
World Bank, Development Data Group
The World Bank
Reviewed the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (February 2014). Edited version, the initial version (Version 01 - July 2012, DDI-AZE-WFP-CFSVA-2004-v1.0) DDI was done by Souleika Abdillahi (WFP).
Following DDI elements are edited, DDI ID, Study ID, Abbreviation, Data Processing and Data Collectors. External resources (questionnaire and report) are attached to the DDI.