In Turkey, the first population census was carried out in 1927. The following population censuses were carried out between 1935 and 1990 regularly, in years ending with 0 and 5. After 1990, population censuses were decided to be carried out in years ending with 0 by a law and in this regard, the last traditional census was carried out on 22nd October 2000. Including 2000 Population Census, 14 population censuses were conducted in Turkey. All population censuses were carried out in one day by the application of national curfew according to the de facto population definition which means that persons were enumerated at localities where they were present on the census day.
Censuses provide population numbers, household or family size and composition, and information on sex and age distribution. They often include other demographic, economic and health-related topics as well. The 2000 Turkey de facto census collected data through face-to-face interviews on the subjects of household demographics, employment, education, migration, disability, household deaths, and fertility. The census day was October 22.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Census topics include: Household demographics, employment, education, migration, disability, household deaths, and fertility.
Producers and sponsors
Turkish Statistical Institute
Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey
Size of samples
2000 census: 3.388.218
Systematic random sampling for each province separately
Contains two parts:
- 5% sample of the households,
- 5% sample of individuals enumerated in nonhousehold places on census day