The 1996/97 Uganda National Household Survey is the fourth survey in the series. The previous three UNHS surveys was conducted in 1993/94, 1994/95 and 1995/96. The surveys covered a socio-economic component on a continuous basis with the aim of generating a time-series data to measure socio-economic growth and development. In addition to the continuous socio-economic component, a different module is being covered every year to provide more detailed data on a particular subject. In 1995/96 the module was Agriculture Crop Production while in 1996/97 the module covered the Pilot Labour Force Survey (PLFS). The aim of the PLFS is to test the questionnaires, manuals and procedures as a stage om the preparations for the main Labour Force Survey in 1997/98. A few questions on mortality were also being asked at the listing stage to provide information that helped in the planning of mortality survey in 1997/98.
The objectives of the UNHS 1996/97 were as follows:
- To provide an integrated data set to understand the mechanisms and effects of the various socio-economic programs and policies on a continuous basis.
- To test the methodology and procedures of conducting a Labour Force Survey that was scheduled for 1997/98.
- To collect some broad statistics and information that served as a guideline to the planning and execution of a Mortality Survey in 1997/98.
- To further meet specific data needs of particular institutions like UNICEF, Ministry of Health in the field of child-health and mother-care.
- To further consolidate efforts made in building a permanent national survey capability in the Statistics Department.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The survey covered the following topics:
- Household identification particulars
- Household characteristics, education and health
- Usual activity status (for usual members 7 years and above)
- Current activity, status for economically active-employed persons during the last 7 days amongst usual members 7 years and above
- Probing questions regarding under-employed persons during the last 7 days
- Probing questions for persons not working during the last 7 days amongst usual members 7 years and above
- Usual economic activities for each quarter of 1996
- Characteristics of dwelling
- Enterprise particulars and household assets
- Household consumption expenditure
- Household income and savings
- Welfare indicators
- Consumption of sugar and Lake Katwe salt
- Community identification particulars
- Markets (general information)
- Availability and price of consumer goods and other assets
- Availability and price of agricultural inputs
- Availability and price of bulk sale of agricultural products
- Demographic information
- General infrastructure
- Access to credit facilities
- Economic infrastructure, agriculture
- Social infrastructure, education, health and other amenities
- Education infrastructure
- Health infrastructure
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Planning and Economic Development
Government of Uganda
Funding the study
In spite of a number of limitations, the list of Enumeration Areas (EA's) prepared for the 1991 Population Census, along with maps and data on households and population is the only available sampling frame to be used. The sampling design and procedure for selection of the first stage unit (fsu) were as follows:
a) Basically, a stratified multi-stage sampling design was adopted. Each district was a sub-stratum with further sub-stratification as district town, other urban areas and rural areas. There were 102 total strata. There was no further sub-stratification.
b) In those districts where information of Enumeration Areas (EA's) with mapping exercise had been completed during 1991 Population Census, there was two stage design with EA's as the first-stage units (fsu) and with households as the second or ultimate stage units. In other districts, a three stage sampling design was adopted with a parish as the fsu. LC 1 as second stage unit (ssu) and a household as the third or ultimate stage unit.
c) During UNHS 1996/97, all fsu's was selected afresh and practice of selecting common fsu's from earlier surveys was dispensed with. Fsu's from all the strata was selected with probability proportional to the number of households without replacement.
d) The total number of fsu's selected in Uganda as a whole was 624.
For districts without Census Maps fsu was a parish. LC 1's in the selected parishes was listed at the field stage and two LC 1's per parish was selected on the basis of simple random sampling without replacement. All the households in the selected LC 1's or EA's where two stage sampling was used and listed. 10 households selected in the basis of simple random sampling and surveyed for both socio-economic and labour force components. Community survey was done in all the LC 1's selected in three stage sampling and one LC 1 per EA in two stage sampling after listing and selecting one LC 1 on the basis of simple random sampling.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The UNHS 1996/97 survey was collected using three questionnaires - i) the listing questionnaire; ii) the labour force and socio-economic questionnaire and iii) the community questionnaire. All the three questionnaires put together covered a wide range of inter-related subjects.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Uganda Statistical Department. Uganda National Household Survey (UNHS) 1996-1997, Ref. UGA_1996_UNHS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.