The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a household based survey. The first LFS in Albania was conducted in 2007 in the spring-quarter (April-May). Between 2007 and 2011 the LFS in Albania was carried out annually. Starting from 2012 LFS is carried out as a continuous survey, providing quarterly labour market indicators.
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) in Albania has been carrying out by INSTAT since 2007 with annual periodicity. The survey is household-based and the unit of observation are all household members aged 15 years and older. The main objective of LFS is to establish a sustainable labour market statistics system according to EUROSTAT recommendations and guidelines.
Based on the data gathered through LFS it is possible to make a quantitative and dynamic assessment of labour market developments, to define the participation of all persons aged 15 years and over in labour market, the employment rate, the employment by economic activity, by sex and age-group, unemployment rate, women participation in labour market, etc.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) have the following units of analysis: individuals and households.
The scope of The Labour Force Survey (LFS) includes:
- DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS: Age, sex, marital status, place/country of birth, nationality, ethnicity, place/country of the previous residence, educational attainment and relationship to household head.
- MAIN LABOUR RELATED CHARACTERISTICS: Employment, unemployment, hours of work, employment related benefits, social security coverage, training received, usual activity and absence from work.
- OTHER LABOUR RELATED CHARACTERISTICS: Industry, occupation, status in employment, institutional sector (public/private), size of establishment, full time/part time status, permanency of the job, working time arrangements, duration of employment, existence of more than one job, characteristics of the second job(s), duration of unemployment, previous working experience, characteristics of the last job, search for another job, reasons for seeking another job, methods of looking for work, registration as unemployed, receipt of unemployment benefits and reasons for not being in the labour force.
The Survey covered all individuals 15 years and over residing in the selected private households.
Producers and sponsors
Institute of Statistics of Albania
The sample is based on two-stage sampling procedure. In the first stage are selected the geographical areas (PSU) with a proportional probability to the size of the enumeration area. In the second stage within each geographical areas (once selected in the first stage) are selected a fix number of households by equal probability systematic sampling method. For the years 2007-2011, the sample-taken for each PSU was 12 households
The sampling frame for LFS is based on the Population Census of 2001 and the updated household list. Two sample stage selections are done: in the first step were chosen geographic zones or primary sampling units (PSU), and in the second stage were selected the families inside these selected zones. The sample size for LFS 2011 was 7,300 households in the whole country.
The response rate for the compiled LFS questionnaire was 69 percent.
The LFS methodology is in full accordance with the EUROSTAT standards and guidelines as regards to the representation of sample, coefficient of the variation of the main indicators, the drafting and the weighting of data. The sampling weights are calculated following several steps and take into account the sample design, adjustment for the household level no-responses, and the calibration with the demographic data. Data weighting was based on the 2011 annual average population that was estimated according to Census 2011 data.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
- Data collection in the fieldwork is spread across all months of the year.
- The gathered data refers to a specific reference period named reference week. The reference week is the calendar week which starts on Monday and finishes on Sunday before the interview day.
- The main mode of data collection is face to face personal interview (paper and pencil)
- The number of Ultimate Sampling Units (USU) interviewed per interviewer per day are three units.
- The average duration of an interview per household member of working age is 25 minutes
- The field staff is mainly recruited for the Survey collection
- The duration of training on the survey for newly recruited interviewers is three days
- Respondents' participation in the survey is compulsory
- Ultimate sampling units that could not be identified are replaced
- Ultimate sampling units that could not be contacted or refuse to participate aren't replaced
The Questionnaires for the LFS includes the following modules:
- HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS: List of demographic characteristics of household members.
- INDIVIDUAL QUESTIONNAIRE: For all persons aged 15 years old and over on last day of the reference week and usually present in the household. This module includes: Labour Status, Characteristics of Main Job, Working Time, Second Job, Work Patterns, Work Experience Abroad, Previous Work Experience of Persons Not in Employment, Search For Employment, Education and Training, School-To-Work Transition of Young People Module, First Significant Job After First Leaving Formal Education, School-To-1st Significant Job Transition Period and Situation One Year Ago.
Some of the selected indicators tabulated from the survey are:
- Unemployment rate by sex, age, level of education, economic activity
- Employment to population ratio by sex, age, level of education
- Labour force participation rate by sex, age, level of education
- Hours of work (per worker) by sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment
- Earnings (per worker) by sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment
- Number of workers by hours band
- Number of workers by earnings class
Also, an adjustment for item non-response is made and the confidence level if 95 percent.
Institute of Statistics
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Department of Statistics
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.1 (August 2016). This version is identical to version ILO 1.0 (2015-11-02), except for the sections on Date of production, Topic Classification, Questionnaires, Sampling Procedure, Response rates and Resources information which were updated.